fauvism


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fauvism

(fō`vĭzəm) [Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy. Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905–8), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold distortion of forms and exuberant color. Only Matisse continued to explore its possibilities after 1908. Most of the others contributed to the development of new styles, such as cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, which immediately followed the fauvist movement.

Bibliography

See J. P. Crespelle, The Fauves (tr. 1962); J. É. Muller, Fauvism (1967); S. Whitfield, Fauvism (1990).

Fauvism

 

an avant-garde movement in French painting of the early 20th century. The ironic epithet les fauves (“the wild beasts”) was given by critics to a group of painters including H. Matisse, P.-A. Marquet, G. Rouault, M. de Vlaminck, A. Derain, R. Dufy, G. Braque, and K. van Dongen, who exhibited their works at the Salon d’Automne in Paris in 1905.

In contrast to German expressionism, fauvism had neither a consciously adopted program nor a moral or philosophical orientation, but rather represented a purely aesthetic protest against 19th-century artistic traditions and an affirmation of an independent new outlook on painting. The fauves, who painted in various styles, were united for a short period, from 1905 to 1907, by their attraction to terse graphic forms, intense color contrasts, pronounced compositional rhythms, and a decorative and laconic technique, as well as a search for new inspiration in primitive, medieval, and Oriental art.

REFERENCES

Leymarie, J. Le Fauvisme. [Geneva, 1959.]
Muller, J.-E. Le Fauvisme. Paris [1967].
Diehl, G. The Fauves. New York, 1975.
Oppler, E. C. Fauvism Reexamined. New York, 1976.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fauvism does not consist simply of the use of arbitrary colours but is created by the painter's realization that a harmony of colours unconnected with reality expresses the relationship between his ego and the world'.
Ultimately, it appears that in his early works, William did not slavishly follow the dictates of any single movement, be it Cubism, Fauvism or Futurism, whose styles he was fully aware of and had experimented with.
Matisse was kin as the outstanding representative of Fauvism with its bold distortions.
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Her work channels Cubism and is infused by shocking bright colours that evoke Fauvism.
Chapter v deals with modernism and British little reviews: Arts and Crafts, Symbolism, Rhythm (1911-13) which, despite its title, focused on the visual arts and contemporary artists: Picasso, several others associated with Fauvism, the future Vorticist, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska and the Scottish artist Fergusson who became the artistic director.
Modern Art In the 20th century, experimentation became more radical, and movements such as fauvism, surrealism, cubism, expressionism, and abstract painting grew and grew.
Chagall consciously drew upon the influences of the avant-garde of early 20th century Paris: Expressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, Abstraction, and Surrealism, while Bashevis-Singer was influenced by modern authors such as Knut Hamsun and Edgar Allan Poe.
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With forms rendered through broad brushstrokes, significant portions of the canvas left blank, and her use of non-naturalistic colors to describe the contours of the boy's face, it is more akin to Post-Impressionism and Fauvism.
Fauvism, Cubism, Expressionist, Primitivism, Neo-Impressionists, Symbolists, and Classicists all emerged from around the turn of the twentieth century.