fauvism


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fauvism

(fō`vĭzəm) [Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy. Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905–8), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold distortion of forms and exuberant color. Only Matisse continued to explore its possibilities after 1908. Most of the others contributed to the development of new styles, such as cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, which immediately followed the fauvist movement.

Bibliography

See J. P. Crespelle, The Fauves (tr. 1962); J. É. Muller, Fauvism (1967); S. Whitfield, Fauvism (1990).

Fauvism

 

an avant-garde movement in French painting of the early 20th century. The ironic epithet les fauves (“the wild beasts”) was given by critics to a group of painters including H. Matisse, P.-A. Marquet, G. Rouault, M. de Vlaminck, A. Derain, R. Dufy, G. Braque, and K. van Dongen, who exhibited their works at the Salon d’Automne in Paris in 1905.

In contrast to German expressionism, fauvism had neither a consciously adopted program nor a moral or philosophical orientation, but rather represented a purely aesthetic protest against 19th-century artistic traditions and an affirmation of an independent new outlook on painting. The fauves, who painted in various styles, were united for a short period, from 1905 to 1907, by their attraction to terse graphic forms, intense color contrasts, pronounced compositional rhythms, and a decorative and laconic technique, as well as a search for new inspiration in primitive, medieval, and Oriental art.

REFERENCES

Leymarie, J. Le Fauvisme. [Geneva, 1959.]
Muller, J.-E. Le Fauvisme. Paris [1967].
Diehl, G. The Fauves. New York, 1975.
Oppler, E. C. Fauvism Reexamined. New York, 1976.
References in periodicals archive ?
Just as La Pampita and others came on to the home straight and pushed towards the finish line, Fauvism used the opening near the rails to surge through and edge to the victory by neck.
Fauvism allows me to integrate numerous learning objectives, including portraiture, shape and the use of color in new and imaginative ways.
Chagall consciously drew upon the influences of the avant-garde of early 20th century Paris: Expressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, Abstraction, and Surrealism, while Bashevis-Singer was influenced by modern authors such as Knut Hamsun and Edgar Allan Poe.
Deeply influenced by the work of Paul Gauguin, they used bold colour, clear line and direct perspective and developed a distinctive style which proved influential to many of the major modernist movements that followed, including Fauvism and Expressionism.
As an aside, fauvism, cubism, futurism, expressionism and much else was already long past; two decades earlier Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon made manifest the interest that artists in Paris had in Native art, in their case African; if the Group of Seven had been up to speed they might have found in the vitality of Canadian Native art something that could be usefully explored, borrowed from, and even traded in, as Emily Carr had begun to do.
We know, for example, from Hilary Spurling's exemplary biography, that when Matisse was working at Collioure, developing startling new ways of constructing paintings with saturated, unmodulated color later termed Fauvism, he found visits to the nearby studio of the sculptor Aristide Maillol a crucial stimulus.
The use of bright unnatural colors by the San Francisco-based Society of Six is associated with fauvism.
Although an explorer within the bounds of tradition, he shunned the extremes to which his contemporaries went, and remained outside such movements as Cubism in all its gradations, Fauvism and Surrealism.
Studying art, Reiss "came under the influence of modern decorative arts movements such as Jugendstil and such international movements as Fauvism and Cubism"; he combined his interest in "primitive" subjects with modern ideas about abstraction (Stewart 22).
Works in the Merzbacher-Mayer Collection Feast of Color represent a range of styles: Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, Pointillism, Futurism, Constructivism, Cubism and Concrete art.
95) explores paintings, sculpture, and architecture of important artists from the 1100s to the 1920s; Fauvism To Nonfigurative (1562903543, $29.
Give me some eye-boggling imagery a la surrealism, Fauvism, or Cubism spiced up with a savory title and I'm as happy as a kid with some gaudily wrapped Christmas presents.