Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to federation: data federation


see federal governmentfederal government
or federation,
government of a union of states in which sovereignty is divided between a central authority and component state authorities. A federation differs from a confederation in that the central power acts directly upon individuals as well as
..... Click the link for more information.



a state system in which a single sovereign state is composed of several united states, each of which juridically maintains a certain degree of political independence. Historically, the first bourgeois federation was the USA, established by the Constitution of 1787. Other federations include the Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, India, Pakistan, Burma, Malaysia, Australia, and Nigeria. The USSR, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic are socialist federations.

A federation is marked by the following features: (1) territorial extent, a federation is coextensive with the area occupied by its individual members—its states, cantons, Lander, union republics, or other territorial units; (2) the member states of a federation usually have the right to adopt their own constitution; (3) the limits between federal and state jurisdiction are set forth in the federal constitution; (4) each member state of a federation has its own laws and judicial system; and (5) in most federations, a person is simultaneously a citizen of the union and a citizen of one of its united states. Some federations have a bicameral system in which one chamber represents the interests of the federation’s member states.

Socialist federations, which differ radically from bourgeois federations, are based on another principle entirely. In the USSR and in the socialist countries, for the first time in history the state system of federation has become the basis for resolving the national question. The socialist federations are based on the principle of national territoriality and the voluntary union of the sovereign and equal members of the federation, each member having the right to secede from the federation. The development and organization of national states have been influenced by the historical experience of the socialist countries, and particularly of the USSR; this influence is evident in some countries, such as Burma and India, that were freed from colonial dependence and that formed a type of federation consistent with their national makeup.


1. the union of several provinces, states, etc., to form a federal union
2. a political unit formed in such a way
3. any league, alliance, or confederacy
References in periodicals archive ?
International Kabaddi Federation endorses your League, Gehlot said.
500 millions to 39 different sports federations of the county, but in the first six months, the Ministry of Finance, the responsible Ministry for the disbursement of the funds, releases Rs.
According to her, 'the CBN being the banker of Government, receives financial inflows on behalf of the Federation and should make same available on demand via the Federation Account on a monthly basis.
While the Federation of Gay Games is planning an open-invitation conference in London this month about the future of the gay sports movement, representatives of GLISA haven't yet agreed to show up.
Silva, who was unanimously elected to head the federation in 2002, was the first non-member of the federation to become president, ending a line of coffee patriarchs.
But the demonstrations in Seattle sent shockwaves throughout the AFL-CIO, and they helped orient the federation toward a more global justice perspective.
At the American Federation of Teachers, technology has taken research and information services in slightly different directions.
These programs were initiated by the Disabled Persons' Federation and ratified by the State Council.
Iowa Wildlife Federation 3125 Douglas, #103 Des Moines, IA 50310
The idea of a strong national federation had outrun the capacity of Arab wage workers.
The confrontation was sparked by the Ontario Federation of Naturalists, which has called for an environmental assessment of the 8,250-square-kilometre Superior Forest Management Area.

Full browser ?