Feijoa


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Related to Feijoa: Feijoa sellowiana

Feijoa

 

(also Acca), a genus of shrubby evergreen plants of the family Myrtaceae. There are three known species, growing in subtropical regions of South America. One species, F. sellow-iana, has been cultivated in Europe since the end of the 19th century. It is cultivated in many countries having a subtropical climate. In the USSR the plant is grown in Western Georgia, in the Sochi region, and on the southern coast of the Crimea.

The shrub reaches a height of 3 m and has a dense, spreading crown. The leaves are opposite, entire, and elliptical; the undersides bear silvery hairs and aromatic glandules. The bisexual, axillary flowers have crimson or pink stamens and are solitary, paired, or in inflorescences. Flowering begins in May and continues for about two months. The fruits are dark-green berries with a waxy coating; they are 4–7 cm long and 3–5 cm wide. Their thick, juicy pulp is tart and has the scent of strawberry or pineapple. The berries ripen in October and November. They contain 5.12–10.46 percent sugars, 1.5–3.6 percent malic acid, and about 2.5 percent pectin; there are 2.06–3.9 mg of iodine per kg. The fruits are eaten fresh or in processed form (jam, wine); they keep for no more than a month. Adult plants can withstand temperatures as low as –12°C; they are drought resistant but do not tolerate excessive lime or moisture in the soil. The following high-quality varieties have been developed in the USSR: No. 89-VIR, Nikitskii aromatnyi, and Krymskii rannii.

Propagation is by seed, cuttings, or grafts. Fruiting first occurs in the fourth or fifth year. The yield is about 10 tons per hectare. F. sellowiana is used to beautify parks.

REFERENCES

Ekimov, V. P. Subtropicheskoe plodovodstvo. Moscow, 1955.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.

A. D. ALEKSANDROV

References in periodicals archive ?
1) were collected from different trees in a feijoa orchard in the Estacao Experimental de Lages (EEL) of the Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria e Extensao Rural de Santa Catarina (Epagri) in Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil (27.
Fallen Feijoa fruit when sporogenesis of the gametophyte, pollination, or fertilization is abnormal.
virgata fue registrada en todos los tipos de vegetacion y fue la unica especie que utilizo los cultivos de frijol y feijoa, aunque el mayor numero de registros de esta especie se obtuvo en los bosques asociados a areas abiertas para la recreacion.
In the feijoa orchard in Lages, SC, fruits were sampled to typify the injury.
Pomegranate, tea, grape, feijoa, hazelnuts and other produce are Azerbaijan's traditional export goods.
In one of these markets I was introduced to feijoa fruit, which looks like avocado, but tastes more like a guava and was quite fantastic.
Although kiwis will be the company's initial focus, Nergeta also plans to grow blueberries, persimmons and feijoa - an exotic fruit also known and pineapple guava - for export.
La influencia portuguesa-brasilera se evidencia particularmente en dos platos que se consumen en Montevideo: la feijoa, parecida a nuestra "frijolada" que, sin embargo, no es necesariamente producto de esta invasion, sino producto de la region cultural comun que conforma el sur de Brasil y el norte de Uruguay; y el otro plato se denomina "bifes a la portuguesa", carne de res con salsa de cebolla, pimienta y tomate.