fetal alcohol syndrome

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Related to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: fetal alcohol syndrome, FASD

fetal alcohol syndrome

(FAS), pattern of physical, developmental, and psychological abnormalities seen in babies born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancypregnancy,
period of time between fertilization of the ovum (conception) and birth, during which mammals carry their developing young in the uterus (see embryo). The average duration of pregnancy in humans is about 280 days, equal to 9 calendar months.
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. The abnormalities include low birthweight, facial deformities, and mental retardation, and there appears to be an association with impulsive behavior, anxiousness, and an inability on the part of the affected children to understand the consequences of their actions. When some but not all of these abnormalities are present, they are referred to as fetal alcohol effects (FAE). FAE has been observed in children of mothers who drank as little as two drinks per week during pregnancy. FAS affects 1 to 2 babies per 1,000 born worldwide. Many require constant lifelong supervision and end up institutionalized because of dysfunction in the family. FAS was first defined as a syndrome in 1973, although it has been observed for centuries. See also alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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.

Bibliography

See M. Dorris, The Broken Cord: A Family's Ongoing Struggle with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (1989).

fetal alcohol syndrome

[‚fēd·əl ′al·kə‚hȯl ‚sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
A spectrum of changes in the offspring of women who consume alcoholic beverages during pregnancy, ranging from mild mental changes to severe growth deficiency, mental retardation, and abnormal facial features.

fetal alcohol syndrome

a condition in newborn babies caused by excessive intake of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy: characterized by various defects including mental retardation
References in periodicals archive ?
The ultimate goal of the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Practice and Implementation Centers is to develop and disseminate evidence-based strategies for training and improved healthcare practices, such as early identification, diagnosis, and treatment for FASD, and effective strategies to address alcohol misuse and prevent alcohol-exposed pregnancies.
Genetic and epigenetic insights into fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Likewise, the Public Health Agency of Canada's National Advisory Committee on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder issued a set of diagnostic guidelines (Chudley et al.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) refers to a broad range of structural anomalies and neurocognitive and behavioural disabilities.
Attitudes and approaches of Canadian providers to preconception counselling and the prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Participants received a physical examination to assess for the presence of the diagnostic features of FASDs according to the criteria set forth in the Diagnostic Guide for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
The problem of FAS does seem to be on federal radar as a potentially major prevention initiative, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration is certainly aware of the problem as the agency cites fetal alcohol spectrum disorders as more common than autism.
th]-is International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day and serves as an important reminder that alcohol-related birth defects are completely preventable when pregnant women abstain from alcohol.
International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day, recognized every year on the ninth day of the ninth month, is an important reminder that prenatal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disorders in the United States.
Viljoen, a geneticist, garnered the prestigious Henry Rosett Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders field at the annual Research Society for Alcoholism Conference in San Fransisco on 23 June this year--the first time anyone outside North America has won it.
One of the most difficult aspects of any research on fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) has been gathering accurate, honest, and detailed information on specific drinking patterns and actual or estimated blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels and linking them to exact times of exposure in individual fetuses and children.
Contributors working in neurology and psychiatry, pediatrics, brain imaging, aging, neurobiology, and other fields around the world address topics such as cognitive aspects in epilepsy, cognitive impairment in children with ADHD, therapies for Alzheimer's disease, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

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