fetal alcohol syndrome


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fetal alcohol syndrome

(FAS), pattern of physical, developmental, and psychological abnormalities seen in babies born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancypregnancy,
period of time between fertilization of the ovum (conception) and birth, during which mammals carry their developing young in the uterus (see embryo). The average duration of pregnancy in humans is about 280 days, equal to 9 calendar months.
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. The abnormalities include low birthweight, facial deformities, and mental retardation, and there appears to be an association with impulsive behavior, anxiousness, and an inability on the part of the affected children to understand the consequences of their actions. When some but not all of these abnormalities are present, they are referred to as fetal alcohol effects (FAE). FAE has been observed in children of mothers who drank as little as two drinks per week during pregnancy. FAS affects 1 to 2 babies per 1,000 born worldwide. Many require constant lifelong supervision and end up institutionalized because of dysfunction in the family. FAS was first defined as a syndrome in 1973, although it has been observed for centuries. See also alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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.

Bibliography

See M. Dorris, The Broken Cord: A Family's Ongoing Struggle with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (1989).

fetal alcohol syndrome

[‚fēd·əl ′al·kə‚hȯl ‚sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
A spectrum of changes in the offspring of women who consume alcoholic beverages during pregnancy, ranging from mild mental changes to severe growth deficiency, mental retardation, and abnormal facial features.

fetal alcohol syndrome

a condition in newborn babies caused by excessive intake of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy: characterized by various defects including mental retardation
References in periodicals archive ?
Attention to fetal alcohol syndrome, by contrast, has been in the context of developmental and learning disabilities: stunted and abnormal growth, impaired neuromotor skills, and significantly subaverage cognitive function.
Maternal risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome and partial fetal alcohol syndrome in South Africa: A third study.
Sokol, "A Revised Estimate of the Economic Impact of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome [review]," Recent Developments in Alcoholism 9(1991): 117-25.
Alcohol-exposed children who lack the characteristic facial features of fetal alcohol syndrome may still suffer from attention problems, hyperactivity, aggression, and psychiatric illnesses.
Verbal learning and memory in children with fetal alcohol syndrome.
Spong published research showing that NAP and SAL prevented fetal growth restriction and microencephaly in a mouse model of fetal alcohol syndrome (J.
Consequently, notes West, some children who do not display the facial defects typical of fetal alcohol syndrome may nonetheless suffer alcohol- induced brain damage.
Taken together, these suggestions for developing, evaluating, and disseminating a broad range of treatment approaches are consistent with the recommendations of the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect (Olson et al.
Along with growth retardation and distinctive facial abnormalities, the primary disabilities associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which encompasses fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder, are brain damage and dysfunction.
A drink a day - possibly even before a woman knows she's pregnant - could mean the difference between having a healthy baby and one doomed to a lifetime of learning and behavioral problems associated with fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol effects.
He urges doctors and geneticists to eliminate the diagnosis of fetal alcohol effects (FAE), considered a mild form of fetal alcohol syndrome.
It was tested among students diagnosed with autism and Aspergers disorder in one school and those with profound developmental delay caused by cerebral palsy, mental retardation, Downs Syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome and environmental deprivation in the second school.

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