fief


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

fief:

see feudalismfeudalism
, form of political and social organization typical of Western Europe from the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire to the rise of the absolute monarchies. The term feudalism is derived from the Latin feodum,
..... Click the link for more information.
.

fief

See FEUDALISM.

Fief

 

(also feud or fee), in Western Europe during the Middle Ages, a payment in land or in money or in kind made by a suzerain to his vassal (seeVASSALAGE). The hereditary tenure of a fief was conditional upon the vassal’s fulfillment of feudal service to his lord; this service was primarily military but could also entail service at court, such as participation in trials or in the management of a seigniory, or involve the payment of a sum fixed by custom. The vassals, in turn, usually gave part of their lands or income to their own vassals, a practice known as subinfeudation; eventually, a hierarchy was established on a single landholding, which could support a vertical series of feudal tenants.

The fief, whose precursor was the benefice, was the characteristic form of property of the ruling class in Western Europe from the 11th to 15th century, the period of developed feudalism. From this period, however, the system based on the fief began to decline. The fiefs were broken up through subinfeudation and, as commodity-money relations became prevalent, so did the use of money-fiefs, the right to some type of revenue, granted to a vassal instead of land with serfs. In addition, the feudal lords began relying on paid troops for military support. By the 15th or 16th centuries, the system of fiefs had become a legal fiction.

fief

In feudal England, the tenure of land or an estate subject to the feudal obligation of service and homage to the lord of the estate.

fief

, feoff
(in feudal Europe) the property or fee granted to a vassal for his maintenance by his lord in return for service
References in periodicals archive ?
Meme chose pour le Chabab Atlas Khenifra qui a evince le Hassania d'Agadir sur le fil dans le fief soussi.
Public posturing aside, the chiefs of these family fiefs from four states have joined forces not to counter the communal ones but to ensure their families remain relevant in an era when the electorate is throwing surprises in individual icons like Modi and Kejriwal.
Ainsi, le rapport concernant la seigneurie de Beaupre detenue par le Seminaire de Quebec tient en une page, resumant que le seminaire possede ce fief depuis le XVIIe siecle, qu'il le possedait en 1854 et le possede toujours en 1940; les notaires concluent aisement a un << titre parfait >> (41).
Le chef d'etat-major de l'Armee syrienne libre (ASL), le general Selim Idriss, a effectue une visite symbolique dans le fief de Bachar el-Assad dans l'ouest de la Syrie, oE les insurges ont reussi recemment a avancer, selon un militant.
Glossaries--entrepreneurial, fief, serf, propaganda, infrastructure, Marshall Plan--encourage in-depth reading and perception of themes.
Un autre legs du meme Arthur Delisle entraine une situation pour le moins particuliere qui temoigne de l'ambivalence dont certains font preuve a l'endroit de ces droits dans les annees 1920: le fief Hope (situe dans Lanaudiere) est refuse par les Soeurs de la Charite de la Providence avant d'echoir aux Soeurs de Sainte-Croix.
Among the topics are the transformation of the fief into the common law tenure in fee, the law and crime of arson in England 1200-1350, King Henry III and the Jews in 1255, lawyers retained by Peterborough Abbey in the late 13th and early 14th centuries, and the wills and testamentary trials of Sir John Fastolf.
99 and another food-friendly wine, the lean and interesting Fief Gurin 2008 Muscadet Ctes de Grandlieu Sur Lie, on sale at pounds 5.
Land has been held on perpetual lease or fief from the Seigneur of the island.
In an editorial under the title, "Lebanon for the Lebanese", The New York Times on March 5 said: "Syria's dynastic dictatorship has run Lebanon as a profitable fief, twisting the arms of Lebanese politicians, and the language of Lebanon's constitution, to serve its own interests.
BP's CI fief Executive Lord John Browne expressed satisfaction at the pace of progress and noted the increase in production from the assets of the new joint venture company, which is up so far this year by 10 percent, as well as in the level of exports.