Field Pea

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Field Pea


an annual plant of the family Leguminosae. The field pea is a subspecies of the garden pea. It is sometimes classified as the independent species Pisum arvense. The climbing stem reaches 1 m in height. The leaves have narrow, denticulate stipules, and the flowers are red-violet. The dark brown seeds are angular or round.

The field pea grows as a weed among plantings of garden peas. Its seeds, which are difficult to boil, impart a dark color and unpleasant taste to food. The plant is weeded from pea plantings. It is easy to identify owing to its lilac shoots and bracts. Also its seeds cannot be separated by winnowing machines.

The field pea grows well on sandy, sandy-loam, and loamy soils. It is drought resistant and can withstand frosts to — 5°C. It is cultivated, usually in combination with oats, for green feed, hay, and silage. The harvest per hectare of the green mass of the combination is 150–250 quintals, and of hay 30–45 quintals. The field pea seed is a valuable protein food. One kg of the grain contains 1.1 feed units and 185 g of digestible protein. The grain harvest is 10–15 quintals per hectare.

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the field pea variety Kaspa - formerly known as KA 4 - was trialled extensively in WA thanks largely to Marks persistence, he said.
The analyzed composition of the two types of field pea tested in the present study is shown in Table 2.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare) cultivars were 'Galleon' (1986-98) and 'Barque' (1999 to present); the oat cultivars were 'JB7622' (1986-87), 'Wallaroo' (1988), 'Marloo' (1989-92) and 'Patoroo' (1993 to present); and the field pea cultivars (Pisum sativum) were 'Dun' (1916-72), 'Derrimut' (1973-79), 'Dun' (1980-2004), 'Parafteld (2005-06) and 'Kaspa' (2007 to present).
Among the annual food legumes, chickpea (Cicer arietinum), lentil (Lens culinaris), faba bean or broad bean (Vicia faba), field peas (Pisum sativum) and pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) are grown in winter and mung bean (Vigna aureus) in summer for grains whereas dual purpose multicut-cowpea (Vigna unguiculata subsp.
The total of field peas plus lentil acres must equal canola acres;
culmorum from field peas, dry beans and wheat to infect all three crops.
I've started with old field peas, originally grown for dried peas, and round seeded green peas as these are tougher and can survive cold better.
The results indicate that flax can represent up to at least 15% of the diet when processed with field peas with little effect on performance.
Butter beans and various field peas are certainly popular throughout the Southeast.
Besides protein, field peas also contain lots of starch.
Through the consecutive use of Finlay and Wilkinson's regression analysis and cluster analysis (Lin and Butler, 1990), we have been able to classify test sites in individual years and across different years into different isoyield groups for field peas.
For example, in 1987, the following percentages of different types of specialty crops were grown on contract: three varieties of mustard seed, 74-89; lentils, 76; canary seed, 78; dry field peas, 62; buckwheat, 54; and oilseed sunflowers, 83 (Saskatchewan Agriculture 1987a).