Differential roles of segmented filamentous bacteria
and clostridia in development of the intestinal immune system.
Microscopically, expending, infiltrating and distorting the dermis, panniculum and adjacent skeletal muscle, there were focally extensive areas with multiple pyogranulomas containing large, central, and irregular colonies of branching filamentous bacteria
A larger light penetration in BFT systems may improve shrimp performance, but may also result in the presence of potentially harmful organisms, such as filamentous bacteria
(Ray et al, 2009).
1993) Intestinal, segmented, filamentous bacteria
in a wide range of vertebrate species.
Within the filamentous bacteria
, dense intracellular lipid structures act to partition the cell at regular intervals along its length.
Mice that lacked lymphotoxin were unable to clear segmented filamentous bacteria
, which has previously been found to induce certain immune responses in the gut.
Segmented filamentous bacteria
(SFB), a specific Glade of Clostridia, are host-specific symbionts that are present in the lower intestine of many vertebrates.
Nocardiae are partially acid-fast, aerobic, gram-positive, branching filamentous bacteria
that are found ubiquitously in soil, fresh water, and marine water (I,2).
The microbes belong to a group called segmented filamentous bacteria
Biochemical characteristics of filamentous bacteria
in Litopenaeus vannamei and Tenacibaculum maritimum reference strains.
These mats generally consist of filamentous bacteria
belonging to the [gamma]- and [epsilon]-Proteobacteria (Gundersen et al.
New developments in biomolecular microscopy tools (such as FISH) used to identify filamentous bacteria
are also described.