finance

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finance,

theory and practice of conducting large public and private dealings in money. Important institutions of private finance include those that deal with insuranceinsurance
or assurance,
device for indemnifying or guaranteeing an individual against loss. Reimbursement is made from a fund to which many individuals exposed to the same risk have contributed certain specified amounts, called premiums.
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, bankingbanking,
primarily the business of dealing in money and instruments of credit. Banks were traditionally differentiated from other financial institutions by their principal functions of accepting deposits—subject to withdrawal or transfer by check—and of making loans.
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, stocks (see stockstock,
in finance, instrument certifying to shares in the ownership of a corporation. Bonds are similar evidences of shares in a loan to a corporation. Stock yields no dividends until claims of bondholders have been met.
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), bonds, and other securities. With the development of the national state, public finance—the management of the revenues, expenditures, and debts of the state—has been of great political, as well as economic, importance. The most important source of government revenue is taxes, but sale of public properties and franchises, as well as the sale of interest-bearing bonds, also contribute. Since the Korean War, a large part of governmental expenditures has gone for various military and defense needs. Other important areas of governmental expenditure are health, education, and welfare (the Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid programs); interest on the national debt; and public works. Important institutions of international finance are the International Bank for Reconstruction and DevelopmentInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
(IBRD), independent specialized agency of the United Nations, with headquarters at Washington, D.C.; one of five closely associated development institutions (also including the International Center for Settlement of
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 and the International Monetary FundInternational Monetary Fund
(IMF), specialized agency of the United Nations, established in 1945. It was planned at the Bretton Woods Conference (1944), and its headquarters are in Washington, D.C.
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.

Bibliography

See D. Allen, Finance (1983); D. Swain, Managing Public Money (1987); L. Harris et al., ed., New Perspectives on the Financial System (1988); N. Gianaris, Contemporary Public Finance (1989).

Finance

See also Money.
Bourse
the Paris stock exchange. [Fr. Commerce: Misc.]
Dow Jones
the best known of several U.S. indexes of movements in price on Wall Street. [Am. Hist.: Payton, 202]
Lombard Street
London bankers’ row; named for 13th-century Italian moneylenders. [Br. Hist.: Plumb, 15]
Old Lady of Threadneedle Street
nickname for the Bank of England. [Br. Culture: Misc.]
Praxidice
goddess of commerce. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 88]
Rockefeller, John
D(avison) (1839–1937) multimillionaire oil tycoon and financier, [Am. Hist.: EB, VIII: 623]
Throgmorton Street
location of Stock Exchange; by extension, financial world. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1079]
Wall Street N.Y.C.
financial district. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 530]

finance

1. funds or the provision of funds
2. funds; financial condition
References in periodicals archive ?
Un communique de la DGST indique que les neuf personnes impliquees dans cette affaire [beaucoup moins que]consacraient une partie de leurs revenus et benefices resultant de ce commerce a financer le ralliement de volontaires a des camps relevant du [beaucoup moins que]groupe Daech operant dans la region syro-irakienne et a soutenir les familles des combattants dans les rangs de cette organisation terroriste[beaucoup plus grand que].
This saves the client, the agent, and financer a lot of grief and can be used to solidify the agent's relationship with the client.
Une somme qui, a estime la Commission, ne permet que de financer un nombre trop faible de projets en faveur de l'environnement au regard des diverses actions jugees necessaires.
Dans le cadre de ces activites, FedNor a verse plus de 250 000 $ pour financer la conception du modele et la proposition de l'Ecole de medecine rurale du Nord de l'Ontario de meme qu'un symposium international.
Starting early July, Hogan will be featured in a variety of television and radio advertising commercials promoting the direct financer title loan company, 1-800-LoanMart, with special appearances by Jimmy "Mouth of the South" Hart.
Il a fait savoir a cet effet que la Banque centrale est en train d'accentuer les efforts pour eviter un derapage du deficit commercial et ce, en incitant les banques, publiques et privees, a ne pas financer les importations et les encourager par consequent a financer les PME.
L~emprunt est destin financer partiellement, pour une dure quivalente, les programmes sociaux du fonds (lot 1 et 2) et financer la rnovation du parc locatif (lot 3).
La ville de Rome a lance, mardi dernier, un appel au secteur prive, a l'international comme en Italie, pour financer la restauration d'une centaine de ses monuments les plus emblematiques.
The air strike took place in Marjeh district of the province in which Mullah Manan was first injured in the attack only to die on Monday, Provincial Police Chief Aqa Noor Kentoz said, adding that Taliban's financer in Marjeh was also killed in the air strike.
En vertu de cet accord, la garantie offerte par la BERD permettra a Amen Bank de financer les operations d'import et d'export avec les pays emergents.
Il a informe , lors d'une reunion dimanche avec la delegation de la Banque dirigee par le directeur general adjoint des activites de la banque Abdul Rahman Dirar , sur les efforts deployes pour financer les projets qui contribuent au developpement , la stabilite et l'augmentation de la production dans le pays.
Le pret de 116 millions d'euros (1,3 milliard de dirhams) intervient pour financer le programme d'appui a l'adequation formation-emploi, alors que les deux dons, d'un montant respectif de 344.

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