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theory and practice of conducting large public and private dealings in money. Important institutions of private finance include those that deal with insuranceinsurance
or assurance,
device for indemnifying or guaranteeing an individual against loss. Reimbursement is made from a fund to which many individuals exposed to the same risk have contributed certain specified amounts, called premiums.
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, bankingbanking,
primarily the business of dealing in money and instruments of credit. Banks were traditionally differentiated from other financial institutions by their principal functions of accepting deposits—subject to withdrawal or transfer by check—and of making loans.
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, stocks (see stockstock,
in finance, instrument certifying to shares in the ownership of a corporation. Bonds are similar evidences of shares in a loan to a corporation. Stock yields no dividends until claims of bondholders have been met.
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), bonds, and other securities. With the development of the national state, public finance—the management of the revenues, expenditures, and debts of the state—has been of great political, as well as economic, importance. The most important source of government revenue is taxes, but sale of public properties and franchises, as well as the sale of interest-bearing bonds, also contribute. Since the Korean War, a large part of governmental expenditures has gone for various military and defense needs. Other important areas of governmental expenditure are health, education, and welfare (the Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid programs); interest on the national debt; and public works. Important institutions of international finance are the International Bank for Reconstruction and DevelopmentInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
(IBRD), independent specialized agency of the United Nations, with headquarters at Washington, D.C.; one of five closely associated development institutions (also including the International Center for Settlement of
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 and the International Monetary FundInternational Monetary Fund
(IMF), specialized agency of the United Nations, established in 1945. It was planned at the Bretton Woods Conference (1944), and its headquarters are in Washington, D.C.
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See D. Allen, Finance (1983); D. Swain, Managing Public Money (1987); L. Harris et al., ed., New Perspectives on the Financial System (1988); N. Gianaris, Contemporary Public Finance (1989).


See also Money.
the Paris stock exchange. [Fr. Commerce: Misc.]
Dow Jones
the best known of several U.S. indexes of movements in price on Wall Street. [Am. Hist.: Payton, 202]
Lombard Street
London bankers’ row; named for 13th-century Italian moneylenders. [Br. Hist.: Plumb, 15]
Old Lady of Threadneedle Street
nickname for the Bank of England. [Br. Culture: Misc.]
goddess of commerce. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 88]
Rockefeller, John
D(avison) (1839–1937) multimillionaire oil tycoon and financier, [Am. Hist.: EB, VIII: 623]
Throgmorton Street
location of Stock Exchange; by extension, financial world. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1079]
Wall Street N.Y.C.
financial district. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 530]


1. funds or the provision of funds
2. funds; financial condition
References in periodicals archive ?
SUNA) - Le Conseil de la gomme arabique a attribue un budget de 230 millions de livres pour financer les exportations de la gomme arabique soudanaise vers les marches regionaux et internationaux.
Le premier pret (160 MUSD), objet d'un accord signe mardi a Rabat, vise a financer le programme d'appui a la competitivite, qui contribuera a favoriser les reformes des politiques publiques en cours, notamment en matiere d'accroissement de la transparence et la rationalisation des principaux aspects du cadre institutionnel et reglementaire regissant la conduite des affaires.
En presence du Premier ministre, Dr Hecham Qandil et du ministre de l'Electricite et de l'Energie, l'ingenieur Ahmed Imam, une convention fut signee avec la Banque Islamique de Developpement (BID) qui a debloque une somme de 250 millions de dollars pour financer le projet de centrale electrique de Helwan Sud.
The financer of the fair, North Eastern Development Finance Corporation said that such fairs gave a signal of revival of the state's traditional economy.
La presse professionnelle doit donner une information verifiee, et la deontologie est un critere important car on ne peut pas financer une presse qui diffame et insulte [beaucoup plus grand que].
Tamweel Aviation Finance (TAF) has a joint venture involving aviation financer and leaser Novus Aviation Capital and Airbus.
Il a informe , lors d'une reunion dimanche avec la delegation de la Banque dirigee par le directeur general adjoint des activites de la banque Abdul Rahman Dirar , sur les efforts deployes pour financer les projets qui contribuent au developpement , la stabilite et l'augmentation de la production dans le pays.
A MUMBAI- based model has filed a complaint with the National Commission for Women ( NCW) that she was raped by an album financer on the pretext of marriage inside a hotel in the Greater Kailash area of South Delhi.
PVOne LLC, a leading developer and financer of large-scale solar power generation systems, announced today its role in the development of a 'brownfields to brightfields' solar energy project poised to be the largest photovoltaic array in Florida and among the largest in the Southeast United States.
The personnel of CTD conducted a raid after getting information about the supporter and financer of terrorist in Matta area and arrested a terrorist, official sources in CTD said.
Vente de viandes perimees pour financer le terrorisme
Ces prelevements operes en 2014 ont servi exclusivement a financer le deficit du Tresor de l'annee derniere, qui s'est creuse a 2.

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