fistula


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Related to fistula: enterocutaneous fistula

fistula

(fĭs`cho͝olə), abnormal, usually ulcerous channellike formation between two internal organs or between an internal organ and the skin. It may follow a surgical procedure with improper healing, or it may be caused by injury, abscess, or infection with penetration deep enough to reach another organ or the skin. When open at only one end it is called an incomplete fistula or sinus. The most common sites of fistula are the rectum and the urinary organs, but almost any part of the body may be affected. Rectal fistulas are often associated with colitis, cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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, sexually transmitted diseasessexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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, and other disorders. Usually a fistula requires surgery. In horses an abscess on the withers from chafing and infection is termed a fistula.

Fistula

 

an abnormal passage between hollow organs or between an organ, body cavity, or focus of disease and the body surface. Usually in the form of a narrow canal lined with epithelium or granulations, it continuously discharges pus, mucus, bile, urine, or feces.

Congenital fistulas, for example, umbilical fistulas, are developmental anomalies. Acquired fistulas result from such chronic inflammations as osteomyelitis, from tumors, or from injuries. Fistulas are usually treated by surgery.

It is sometimes necessary to create artificial fistulas surgically. They may connect hollow organs, in which case they are called internal fistulas, or anastomoses. An example is gastroenteroanastomosis in cicatricial stenosis of the outlet of the stomach.

Gastrostomy is the establishment of an external fistula, or stoma, for artificial feeding. External fistulas also permit the discharge of urine or feces. For example, cystostoma is a fistula of the urinary bladder formed when the urethra is compressed by a tumor. With external fistulas, care must be taken to avoid irritating or infecting the surrounding skin.

REFERENCE

Struchkov, V. I. Gnoinaia khirurgiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967.

fistula

[′fis·chə·lə]
(medicine)
An abnormal congenital or acquired communication between two surfaces or between a viscus or other hollow structure and the exterior.

fistula

In ancient Roman construction, a water pipe of lead or earthenware.

fistula

Pathol an abnormal opening between one hollow organ and another or between a hollow organ and the surface of the skin, caused by ulceration, congenital malformation, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The data included gender, age, smoking status (yes or no), regular rest (yes or no, meaning that work and rest times were relatively fixed), body mass index (BMI), disease locations (small bowel only, colon only, or small bowel and colon), operation history (ileocecal resection, other small bowel resection, or colon resection), intestinal fistula (yes or no, meaning that the patient had complications of CD that needed surgical intervention), and current medication (mesalazine, sulfasalazine, or azathioprine).
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LEUVEN, Belgium, November 2, 2017 -- TiGenix NV (NASDAQ:TIG)said it has strengthened its IP protection for lead product Cx601for treatment of complex perianal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease.
The company said the US Phase 3 study is testing the effect of the Sirolimus-eluting Collagen Implant on arterio-venous fistula outcomes.
Unfortunately, procedure could not be completed due to intractable cough and thus fistula tract could not be outlined.
Out of a total of 30 cases in the study, 18 cases had intersphincteric fistula, 8 cases had trans-sphincteric type, 2 cases had suprasphincteric and 2 cases had extrasphincteric type.
During Tuesday's proceedings, Dr Kishwar Khatri, the focal person for the provincial government, informed the judges that special courses for midwifery had already been successfully conducted to train them on dealing with the patients who had fistula related problems.
A retrospective review of all patients diagnosed with a chylous fistula at our institution between July 1, 2009, and May 30, 2015, was performed from all patients that had undergone a neck dissection.
If the initial diagnostic investigations are unhelpful, usually due to collapse of the fistula tract, a CT oral contrast swallow may confirm the diagnosis.
Duodenorenal fistula develops mostly as a result of renal inflammation, however, tumor and interventional procedures have also been reported to cause duodenorenal fistula (1).
Countries around the world celebrated International Day to End Obstetric Fistula on May 23, with a variety of events to raise awareness of this neglected health and human rights challenge.