fistula

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Related to fistulae: incomplete fistula

fistula

(fĭs`cho͝olə), abnormal, usually ulcerous channellike formation between two internal organs or between an internal organ and the skin. It may follow a surgical procedure with improper healing, or it may be caused by injury, abscess, or infection with penetration deep enough to reach another organ or the skin. When open at only one end it is called an incomplete fistula or sinus. The most common sites of fistula are the rectum and the urinary organs, but almost any part of the body may be affected. Rectal fistulas are often associated with colitis, cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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, sexually transmitted diseasessexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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, and other disorders. Usually a fistula requires surgery. In horses an abscess on the withers from chafing and infection is termed a fistula.

Fistula

 

an abnormal passage between hollow organs or between an organ, body cavity, or focus of disease and the body surface. Usually in the form of a narrow canal lined with epithelium or granulations, it continuously discharges pus, mucus, bile, urine, or feces.

Congenital fistulas, for example, umbilical fistulas, are developmental anomalies. Acquired fistulas result from such chronic inflammations as osteomyelitis, from tumors, or from injuries. Fistulas are usually treated by surgery.

It is sometimes necessary to create artificial fistulas surgically. They may connect hollow organs, in which case they are called internal fistulas, or anastomoses. An example is gastroenteroanastomosis in cicatricial stenosis of the outlet of the stomach.

Gastrostomy is the establishment of an external fistula, or stoma, for artificial feeding. External fistulas also permit the discharge of urine or feces. For example, cystostoma is a fistula of the urinary bladder formed when the urethra is compressed by a tumor. With external fistulas, care must be taken to avoid irritating or infecting the surrounding skin.

REFERENCE

Struchkov, V. I. Gnoinaia khirurgiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967.

fistula

[′fis·chə·lə]
(medicine)
An abnormal congenital or acquired communication between two surfaces or between a viscus or other hollow structure and the exterior.

fistula

In ancient Roman construction, a water pipe of lead or earthenware.

fistula

Pathol an abnormal opening between one hollow organ and another or between a hollow organ and the surface of the skin, caused by ulceration, congenital malformation, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Endovascular techniques is the first-line management for cervical spinal AVFs, but may need to be performed in combination with surgery for large fistulae with multiple collateral feeders, as described in this patient.
Enteric fistulae may occur in up to twenty-five percent of patients managed with an open abdomen.
The number of women that need fistula repairs is immense, because the backlog of cases is built not on years but on decades of untreated fistulae.
Hickey NC, Downing R, Hamer JD, et al: Abdominal aortic aneurysms complicated by spontaneous ileocaval or duodenal fistulae.
While initiatives such as Fistula First are increasing the rate of fistula placement, studies have shown that up to 60% of these fistulae are not suitable for dialysis between four and five months after creation.
Parotid fistulae are connections between the skin and salivary ducts or glands, through which saliva is discharged.
To our knowledge, this is the first case demonstrating SEMS combined with PEI for benign postoperative fistulae.
We have found the AngioJet System to be an effective technique to removing clots in dialysis fistulae.
Non-inherited manifestation of bilateral branchial fistulae, bilateral pre-anricular sinuses and bilateral hearing loss: A variant of branchio-oto-renal syndrome.
Such rumen fistulae are used for a wide range of bovine digestive research, from testing new feed additives to discovering the roles various enzymes perform in digestion.