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Related to fistulae: incomplete fistula


(fĭs`cho͝olə), abnormal, usually ulcerous channellike formation between two internal organs or between an internal organ and the skin. It may follow a surgical procedure with improper healing, or it may be caused by injury, abscess, or infection with penetration deep enough to reach another organ or the skin. When open at only one end it is called an incomplete fistula or sinus. The most common sites of fistula are the rectum and the urinary organs, but almost any part of the body may be affected. Rectal fistulas are often associated with colitis, cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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, sexually transmitted diseasessexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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, and other disorders. Usually a fistula requires surgery. In horses an abscess on the withers from chafing and infection is termed a fistula.



an abnormal passage between hollow organs or between an organ, body cavity, or focus of disease and the body surface. Usually in the form of a narrow canal lined with epithelium or granulations, it continuously discharges pus, mucus, bile, urine, or feces.

Congenital fistulas, for example, umbilical fistulas, are developmental anomalies. Acquired fistulas result from such chronic inflammations as osteomyelitis, from tumors, or from injuries. Fistulas are usually treated by surgery.

It is sometimes necessary to create artificial fistulas surgically. They may connect hollow organs, in which case they are called internal fistulas, or anastomoses. An example is gastroenteroanastomosis in cicatricial stenosis of the outlet of the stomach.

Gastrostomy is the establishment of an external fistula, or stoma, for artificial feeding. External fistulas also permit the discharge of urine or feces. For example, cystostoma is a fistula of the urinary bladder formed when the urethra is compressed by a tumor. With external fistulas, care must be taken to avoid irritating or infecting the surrounding skin.


Struchkov, V. I. Gnoinaia khirurgiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967.


An abnormal congenital or acquired communication between two surfaces or between a viscus or other hollow structure and the exterior.


In ancient Roman construction, a water pipe of lead or earthenware.


Pathol an abnormal opening between one hollow organ and another or between a hollow organ and the surface of the skin, caused by ulceration, congenital malformation, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In more than 50% of the cases, the fistulae arise from the right coronary artery, and in 14-17% they terminate in the pulmonary artery.
The concern regarding chylous fistulae stems from the electrolyte imbalances and edema resulting in hypovolemia.
Nephrectomy and primary repair of the duodenum are still treatment of choice for patients with a poorly functioning kidney (due to renal infection) or any suspicion of malignancy, however, every attempt to preserve the kidney should be made for traumatic fistulae (7).
conducted a retrospective analysis of fibrin glue for the treatment of GI fistulae and reported successful ECF closure in 55.
Fistulectomy with closure by first intention in the treatment of perianal fistulae.
A nurse's journey to treat obstetric fistulae in Niger.
Nephrectomy and primary closure of the duode- num are the traditional treatments for most non- traumatic pyeloduodenal fistulae.
Elbrond, "Pharyngo-cutaneous fistulae after laryngectomy.
Use of tongue flap to resurface lip defect and close palatal fistulae in children.
In related news, an investigator-sponsored clinical study in Japan using the Celution System for treatment of cryptoglandular fistulae was approved under the new Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) Guidelines on Clinical Research Using Human Stem Cells and enrollment is underway.