flamen

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flamen

(flā`mĕn), in Roman religion, one of 15 priests, each concerned with the cult of a particular deity. The most honored were those dedicated to Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus.

Flamen

 

in ancient Rome, a priest devoted to the service of a particular deity of the Roman pantheon. The flamines comprised three elder priests (majores), elected from among the patricians and serving Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus, and 12 younger priests (minores), elected from among the plebeians and serving 12 gods, including Vulcan, Pomona, and Flora. They held their posts for life and enjoyed special rights and privileges. During the imperial epoch, the number of flamines increased, and priests were assigned to the cult of deified emperors.