flat foot


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flat foot,

condition of the human footfoot,
in anatomy, terminal part of the land vertebrate leg. The term is also applied to any invertebrate appendage used either for locomotion or attachment, e.g., the legs of insects and crustacea, and the single locomotive appendage of the clam.
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 in which the entire sole rests on the ground when the person is standing. When the foot muscles are weakened or the ligaments are strained and stretched, the arch lowers, so that instead of the natural curved contour, there is flattening of the entire sole. Sometimes no discomfort accompanies flat foot. However, fallen arches may cause disalignment of other foot structures so that there is pain not only in the arch area but also in the calf muscles and sometimes as far up as the lower back; the discomfort is increased by prolonged standing. Flat foot may be inherited or may be caused by rickets, obesity, metabolic disorder, debilitating disease, or faulty footwear. Treatment and exercise directed by an orthopedic physician are sometimes advisable. Arch supports or other devices to be worn inside the shoe are often prescribed.
References in periodicals archive ?
If individuals having scores 1 and 2 in flat foot group and individuals having 0, -1, -2 in none flat foot group, by using [X.
Meaning that there is no significant difference for observing flat foot in both groups of women with urinary continence and with stress urinary incontinence (p = 0.
Flat foot functional evaluation using pattern recognition of ground reaction data, Clin.
One has researched the effects of the therapeutically exercise program on correcting the flat foot to the pupils engaged in the study on a period of a school year with two sessions a week
We have considered that the correct and systematic selection and application of the elaborated recovery program will have a positive effect and will determine the correction of the physical deficiency, the flat foot, to the pupils that are engaged in the study.
6%) cases had clinically mild (grade I) flat foot deformity and the remaining 33, (43.
There is a paucity of information regarding this aspect of the arch index in the management of flat foot in the Indian scenario.
Meaning that there is no significant difference in both groups of incontinence and continence urinary for severe flat foot (p = 0.
There was no significant difference between number of individuals with flat foot through scaling by observation in both groups of urinary continence and stress urinary incontinence.
Flat foot prevalence varies considerably with age, finding that 6 years of age is the age limit for the disappearance of flat foot, which is also evident in our study where children older than 6 years of age presented much lower prevalence than younger school children, similar to that reported by Arizmendi (9).
The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of medical insoles on balance during walking in persons with flat foot was.
Before this study, we were not sure whether you could salvage patients with flat foot and ankle deformity and correct their ankle as well as their foot deformity.