Since the solid pressure drop is actually caused mainly by particle fluid friction, the proportion of eachphase can illustrate the particle's effect on solid-liquid two-phase flow.
This is because the carrying capacity of the medium decreases with the velocity becoming slower and thus leads to an increase of the consumption aroused by the particle fluid friction.
The two papers following this discuss principles of mechanical and fluid friction
, specific mechanisms, and recent clinical application studies (1, 2).
Among the topics are pressure-driven flow in microchannels, single-particle colloidal hydrodynamics, fluid friction
and heat transfer in microchannels, cellular biomicrofluidics, and microscopic hemorheology and hemodynamics.
A method of correlating forced convection heat transfer data and a comparison with fluid friction
bearings considered above differ from each other by the design of bearing segments, elastic intersegmentary ties, geometrical dimensions and the method of controlling the shape of supporting lubrication layer as well as their stress.
c) fluid friction
conditions in the annular thimble
That's hardly a trivial matter, since it would mean that computer models that simulate the flow of ocean currents beneath ice shelves may need to be adjusted to incorporate additional fluid friction
caused by large areas of rough ice.
Hydraulic energy losses arise from internal fluid friction
and is irreversible.
The hydraulic system was also optimised to limit fluid friction
in the hydraulic lines to the absolute minimum.
This also means high hydraulic capacities with low stiffness, pressure losses due to fluid friction
, slowing down actuator dynamics (response time to position commands).
However, fluid friction
along the edges of these whorls can create counter-rotating eddies that bring cool, nutrient-rich waters to the surface.