flycatcher


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flycatcher,

common name for various members of the Old World family Muscicapidae, insectivorous songbirds including the kingbirds, phoebes, and pewees. Flycatchers vary in color from drab to brilliant, as in the crested monarch and paradise flycatchers of Asia and Africa. The New World family Tyrannidae (tyrant flycatchers), includes 365 species distributed over the Americas from the Canadian tree limit to Patagonia. Most are arboreal and inconspicuously colored in olive-green, brown, or gray, the species grading into one another almost imperceptibly. They range in length from 3 1-2 in. to 16 in. (8.7–40 cm), the majority being under 10 in. (25 cm). Flycatchers have large heads, broad shoulders, flattish bills, pointed wings, and small, weak legs and feet. The tails are rounded or shallowly forked, except for that of the scissor-tailed flycatcher of the SW United States, a gray bird with black wings and tail and reddish patches at the wing base, whose long (7–10 in./17.5–25 cm), deeply forked tail enables it to perform aerial acrobatics. Flycatchers characteristically feed by darting after insects from an advantageous perch; the name tyrant reflects their pugnacity toward crows, hawks, and other large birds, which they harass with great determination. Their crown feathers are more or less erectile; in the royal flycatcher of Mexico and Brazil, Pyrocephalus rubineus Mexicanus, also called vermilion flycatcher, they are developed into a flaming crest. Many flycatchers are found near water, e.g., the eastern phoebe, or water pewee (Sayiornis fusca), a gray bird named for its plaintive, repetitive call and identifiable by its habit of flicking or bobbing its tail while perched. The wood pewee, genus Contopus, is a shy forest bird. The Say's, black, and San Jose phoebes are Western species. The 9-in. (22.5 cm) eastern kingbird is typical of the kingbird group; it has a dark back, white breast, and white-tipped tail. Kingbirds are also called bee martins, though they actually prefer other insects. The small (under 6 in./15 cm) empidonax flycatchers are all olive-green and are difficult to distinguish; they include the least, Acadian, and alder (or Traill's) flycatchers of the East and the western, Hammond's, Wright's, and vermilion flycatchers of the West. The South American kiskadee dives for fish like a kingfisher. The nesting habits of flycatchers vary; the typical nest is an open cup in a tree, but some nest on buildings and in concealed places, and the great crested flycatcher of E North America is a cavity-nester that habitually lines its nest with cast snake skins. Certain fly-catching warblers, belonging to a different family, are sometimes called flycatchers. Flycatchers are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeres, families Muscicapidae and Tyrannidae.

flycatcher

1. any small insectivorous songbird of the Old World subfamily Muscicapinae, having small slender bills fringed with bristles: family Muscicapidae
2. any American passerine bird of the family Tyrannidae
References in periodicals archive ?
These include the Spotted Flycatcher, Rufous- tailed Scrub Robin, Red- backed Shrike, Red- tailed Shrike, European Nightjar and the Great White Throat.
If it is confirmed as an acadian flycatcher it will be the first one ever recorded in the UK.
The ecology of the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher in central Arizona: a 10-year synthesis report.
Meadowlark 46 (n=13) 64 (n=11) Bobolink 25 (n=4) 75 (n=4) Song Sparrow 50 (n=2) 63 (n=8) Mallard -- -- Field Sparrow 33 (n=3) 60 (n=5) Common Yellowthroat -- -- American Woodcock 100 (n=2) -- Wild Turkey -- 0 (n=1) Henslow's Sparrow 100 (n=1) -- Shrub or Above Ground Nester Robin 67 (n=3) 67 (n=3) Red-wing BB 38 (n=16) 27 (n=22) Brown Thrasher 0 (n=1) 100 (n=1) Willow Flycatcher - 0 (n=2) Yellow Warbler - 0 (n=2) American Goldfinch 100 (n=1 -- Northern Mockingbird 100 (n=2) -- Mourning Dove -- 0 (n=1) Species 2010 2011 Average Ground or Near Ground Nester Grasshopper Sp.
Willow Flycatcher is an early-successional shrub and riparian woodland specialist.
According to the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO), the previous record for the oldest flycatcher was nine years and seven days.
Here we describe Acadian flycatcher nest tail structure in terms of composition mad prominence, a measure involving both the number and length of tails, as a prerequisite to more formal experimental approaches to answering the question of evolutionary significance raised above.
The flycatcher went past him on splayed wings, almost touching his face.
With wildly fluctuating, dam-regulated water levels and a declining flycatcher population, the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park is a perfect proving ground for flycatcher conservation.
A scissor-tailed flycatcher was discovered at the airport early Wednesday morning by local bird expert Jeffrey S.
A mutation of a single DNA base can lead to a striking colour change, as demonstrated by two closely related flycatcher populations in the Solomon Islands.
A Chinese inventor has sent his patented ultrasonic flycatcher to an international organization, which he hopes will pass it on to US President Barack Obama as a gift, Xinhua reported on Tuesday.