flying squirrel


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Related to flying squirrel: northern flying squirrel

flying squirrel,

name for certain nocturnal tree squirrelssquirrel,
name for small or medium-sized rodents of the family Sciuridae, found throughout the world except in Australia, Madagascar, and the polar regions; it is applied especially to the tree-living species.
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 adapted for gliding; they do not actually fly. Most are found in Asia, but one species of the genus Pteromys extends into SE Europe and the two species of Glaucomys are found in North America. The gliding mechanism is a fold of furry skin extending along each side of the body from the wrist to the ankle and, in some species, to the tail. When the animal is at rest the flaps are folded; when it stretches its limbs for leaping, as do all tree squirrels, the flaps are stretched out taut like a parachute. The tail in many species is broad and flat, with a flat row of hairs on either side. The animal uses movements of the flaps, limbs, and tail to control direction. The glide always starts from a high tree branch; if it is a long glide the animal comes to rest near the ground and must climb up again. The small North American flying squirrels leap from heights of 50 ft (15 m) or more and may travel a horizontal distance of over 100 ft (30 m). Flying squirrels are seldom seen because of their nocturnal habits and high dwelling places. They nest, often many together, in holes in trees. They feed on a variety of plant matter, as well as on insects. The North American flying squirrels, found in forested regions over much of the continent, have soft, thick, brownish fur. The northern species, Glaucomys sabrinus, of Canada and the NE and W United States, is up to 12 in. (30 cm) long including the tail, which is nearly as long as the head and body; it weighs 4 to 6 1-2 oz (110–180 grams). The southern species, G. volans, of the eastern half of the United States and parts of Mexico and Guatemala, is slightly shorter and weighs about a third as much. Most Old World species are similar, but the giant flying squirrels, genus Pteromys, of S Asia, are up to 4 ft (120 cm) long and may be observed sleeping on branches during the day. The scaly-tailed squirrels, or African flying squirrels, are not true squirrels, but members of a separate rodent family (Anomaluridae). Found only in tropical Africa, they are anatomically quite different from the true flying squirrels and include both gliding and nongliding species. Flying squirrels are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Sciuridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rates of Occupancy During the 4 years, southern flying squirrel occupancy during November-December averaged 17.
Study of the northern flying squirrel, Glaucomys sabrinus, by temperature telemetry.
The man had lived in cabin A and stated that although he had never handled a flying squirrel, he had heard them frequently in the wall next to his bunk (bunk B) (Figure).
Glaucomys volans, home-range size, landscape peninsula, southern flying squirrel
Rand & Rand (1951) reported skeletal remains of 32 species of mammals in blowouts in Indiana Dunes State Park, including 26 species still present: opossum, masked shrew, northern short-tailed shrew, eastern mole, silver-haired bat, big brown bat, eastern red bat, eastern cottontail rabbit, eastern chipmunk, woodchuck, thirteen-lined ground squirrel, Franklin's ground squirrel, fox squirrel, red squirrel, southern flying squirrel, white-footed and prairie deer mouse, meadow vole, muskrat, southern bog lemming, Norway rat, house mouse, raccoon, least weasel, long-tailed weasel, mink and striped skunk.
The title character is a sugar glider, a small Australian marsupial that can glide like a flying squirrel through the game's rainforest setting.
Washington, July 31 (ANI): A study has shown that small monkeys called Japanese macaques go bananas when they see a flying squirrel.
Host animals A B C Daurian ground squirrel 1 4962 4963 Siberian chipmunk 1 4965 4966 1 4964 4965 Tricolored squirrel 2 4977 1 4977 American red squirrel 1 4971 Southern flying squirrel 1 4972 4973 Columbian ground squirrel 1 4957 4958 Richardson's ground squirrel 2 4959 4960 1 4954 4959 1 4954 4955 Fat-tailed gerbil 3 Golden spiny mouse 1 Fat sand rat 1 Bushy-tailed jird 1 1 1 Large Egyptian gerbil 1 Greater Egyptian jerboa 1 4975 4976 1 Lesser Egyptian jerboa 1 GenBank accession nos.
The creature weighed roughly a pound and was similar in shape to today's flying squirrel.
This in turn decreased the habitat available for the endangered flying squirrel and the threatened Wehrle's salamander.
A chipmunk, pictured, and a flying squirrel, taken during a raid on Clarences Community Farm in Port Clarence, were returned following an appeal in the Gazette.
1): the marsupial Didelphis virginiana; the shrew Blarina carolinesis; the flying squirrel Glaucomys volans, the chipmunk Tamias striatus; and the rodents Ochrotomys nuttalli, Reithrodontomys humulis, and Microtus pinetorum.