foie gras


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foie gras

(fwä grä) [Fr.,=fat liver], livers of artificially fattened geese. Ducks and chickens are also sometimes used in the making of foie gras. The birds, kept in close coops to prevent exercise, are systematically fed to the limit of their capacity. Under this treatment the livers are brought to weigh 2 or 3 lb (1.0–1.5 kg) or more. Foie gras was prized by epicures in Egypt, Greece, and Rome, but the fattening of geese for their livers became a lost art during the Middle Ages except in Strasbourg. The industry was revived in the 18th cent. following the creation of pâté de foie gras by Jean Joseph Close (or Clause), a chef brought to Alsace by a French governor of the province. The pâté is made by cooking fresh livers, reducing them to a paste delicately seasoned with wine and aromatics and combining it with truffles and finely chopped veal. The making of foie gras has become a famous industry of Strasbourg and of Toulouse, France. The product is exported to all parts of the world in several forms—the esteemed pâté; foie gras au naturel, the plain cooked livers; a sausage; and a purée.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eight foie gras producers, one slaughterhouse and two cooked meat producers were checked by American health inspectors.
Foie gras (translated from French as "fatty liver") is produced by force-feeding ducks and geese two or three times each day through a pipe shoved down their throats.
As of Friday night, the foie gras torchon was staying on the tasting menu at Melisse in Santa Monica, said owner and two-star Michelin chef Josiah Citrin.
Animal Equality's investigations in French and Spanish foie gras farms have revealed birds suffering from untreated injuries, dead birds in cages with the living, conditions that prevent any natural behaviour and animals in constant and extreme pain.
As a chef, I would probably have the foie gras a little softer, but I tried to approximate the texture of brain, which is kind of gummy.
France's foie gras region has been hit hard by bird flu in recent months, with a 25 percent decrease in duck and geese output because of the trade restrictions.
Marie-Pierre Pe from foie gras makers group CIFOG, said on Monday that prices could be 10 per cent higher this Christmas after the French government's decision last year to cull all ducks and geese, and halt output for four months, in a bid to contain the virus.
In 1985, Ariane Daguin, founder of foie gras supplier D'Artagnan, introduced fresh, domestically-raised foie gras to America, which until that time had only been available canned.
Aides at Clarence House said in 2008: "The Prince of Wales has a policy that his chefs should not buy foie gras.
Foie gras - fatty liver of goose or duck - is produced by force-feeding birds.
The law was actually passed way back in 2004, after being pushed by animal rights activists unhappy with the manner by which foie gras is produced.
James Bond star Sir Roger Moore made a plea to Emiratis to boycott the new Fortnum & Mason store in Dubai over its sale of foie gras.