foie gras


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foie gras

(fwä grä) [Fr.,=fat liver], livers of artificially fattened geese. Ducks and chickens are also sometimes used in the making of foie gras. The birds, kept in close coops to prevent exercise, are systematically fed to the limit of their capacity. Under this treatment the livers are brought to weigh 2 or 3 lb (1.0–1.5 kg) or more. Foie gras was prized by epicures in Egypt, Greece, and Rome, but the fattening of geese for their livers became a lost art during the Middle Ages except in Strasbourg. The industry was revived in the 18th cent. following the creation of pâté de foie gras by Jean Joseph Close (or Clause), a chef brought to Alsace by a French governor of the province. The pâté is made by cooking fresh livers, reducing them to a paste delicately seasoned with wine and aromatics and combining it with truffles and finely chopped veal. The making of foie gras has become a famous industry of Strasbourg and of Toulouse, France. The product is exported to all parts of the world in several forms—the esteemed pâté; foie gras au naturel, the plain cooked livers; a sausage; and a purée.
References in periodicals archive ?
A few days after the ad, which was released in Arabic, PETA said that Fortnum & Mason scrapped plans to sell the controversial item at its new Dubai outlet, and hoped this decision will pave the way for the removal of foie gras at Fortnum & Mason's London Piccadilly store.
PETA recently released an undercover film of Fortnum's foie gras supplier in France.
It is the male Mulard ducks, hatched in batches of hundreds every two weeks, that produce the foie gras for which the farm is known.
knife, cut foie gras terrine away from sides of baking dish, invert onto
In the letter, Sioux wrote: "My friends at Peta tell me that Fortnum & Mason are one of the last remaining retailers to still sell vile foie gras.
Between April and May of 2013, MFA's undercover investigator documented a culture of cruelty at Hudson Valley Foie Gras, including:
CWF has secured a commitment from a company in China to suspend plans to operate a farm where 100 million geese were to be force-fed in a five-year period to produce foie gras.
A group of European MPs called on Thursday for a controversial EU-wide ban on the production and sale of foie gras.
The proposed foie gras production facility, set to receive a $15.
When I signed up for a foie gras dinner at Alexander's Steakhouse in San Francisco--part of a statewide series to fund efforts to amend the ban--I hoped to get some clarity on the issue and bid one of my favorite foods farewell.
Sir, Ocado is to be applauded for dumping foie gras following complaints about the product's legendary cruelty ('PLTA forces Ocado to axe 'cruel' foie gras', 29 October, p8).
STAR of The Mentalist, Owain Yeoman, led a protest by animal rights' group Peta against the sale of foie gras at London's Fortnum & Mason store yesterday.