food pyramid


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

food pyramid

or

Food Guide Pyramid,

diagram used in nutrition education that fits food groups into a triangle and notes that, for a healthful diet, those at the base should be eaten more frequently than those at the top. At the base of the pyramid are breads, cereals, rice, and pasta, with a recommendation that 6 to 11 servings be eaten daily. On the next levels up are the vegetable (3 to 5 servings) and fruit (2 to 4 servings) groups, followed by the dairy group (2 to 3 servings) and a group including meats, eggs, nuts, and dry beans (2 to 3 servings). Fats, oils and sweets are at the apex, with a recommendation that they be eaten sparingly.

The Food Guide Pyramid was adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Department in 1992 as a replacement for the "four food groups" scheme that had been used to teach children about nutrition since the 1950s. The four food groups (the milk group, the meat group, the bread and cereals group, and the vegetable and fruit group) had put a greater emphasis on the consumption of meat and dairy products. The adoption of the food pyramid design was delayed by debate between nutritionists (who felt that it was an effective teaching tool that demonstrated current thinking about the benefits of a low-fat, high–complex carbohydrate diet) and the meat and dairy industries (which felt that the positioning of their products among the foods to be consumed less frequently implied that those foods were unhealthful). It was also criticized by many nutritionist who felt it did not distinguish clearly between more healthy and less healthy choices within the food groups. When the Food Guide Pyramid was revised in 2005, vertical sections were used to represent the components of a healthy diet. The food pyramid was replaced as a government guide to proper nutrition by a platelike design known as MyPlate in 2011.

food pyramid

[′füd ‚pir·ə‚mid]
(ecology)
An ecological pyramid representing the food relationship among the animals in a community.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
I am sure that before each food pyramid was released, there were many food industry lobbyists wanting their products on the pyramid.
The Food Pyramid Guide was influenced by lobbyists from the meat and dairy industries in an effort to boost sales by increasing the suggested serving sizes.
Of course, now that the Department of Agriculture has retooled the food pyramid to look like a cross between Sporthill corporate logo and the cover of Pink Floyd's "Dark Side of the Moon," we don't know what we're supposed to eat.
So when we'd show the food pyramid to people, they'd look at the top and assume they're supposed to eat a lot of fat and sugar.
Youngsters can make a food pyramid and a growth chart.
While nutritional genomics is still in its earliest stages of research, don't be surprised if someday your doctor sits down with you to create a personalized food pyramid based on your unique genetic makeup.
In other words, it is not the content, packaging or marketing of the food pyramid that's the problem, it's the pyramid itself.
The food pyramid was never meant to serve as a treatment algorithm, observed Scott M.
He lays out nutrition and exercise guidelines, such as a new food pyramid, and a thorough explanation of why food closer to its natural state is healthier.
Most of the new diets have rearranged the traditional food pyramid.
The food pyramid shows us lots of different food groups.
Walter Willett, an outspoken critic of the USDA Food Pyramid, proposes a reworked version of the decade-old eating plan, stressing the role of exercise in weight control and the benefits of a Mediterranean-type diet.