foramen

(redirected from foraminal)
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foramen

a natural hole, esp one in a bone through which nerves and blood vessels pass

foramen

[fə′rā·mən]
(biology)
A small opening, orifice, pore, or perforation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hastalarin norolojik muayeneleri degerlen dirildiginde; foraminal sign 51 (%60) hastada, spurling 52 (%61.
The court noted that because the plaintiff failed to allege that, had the defendants performed and MRI, they would have discovered that the plaintiff had developed bulging discs, a degenerative disc, foraminal stenosis, and/or arthritis.
Standard surgical techniques for treating lumbar spinal stenosis have significant limitations, including access to lateral and foraminal compression and postoperative instability.
He specializes in laser spine surgery for facet syndrome, cervical foraminal stenosis and lumbar stenosis.
ln Spurling's compression test, radicular pain is exacerbated by extension and lateral bending of the neck toward the side of the lesion which causes additional foraminal compromise.
The shorter cases involved epidural and foraminal steroid infiltrations, facet joint steroid infiltrations, discography, nucleotomy, gastrostomies and drainages.
A magnetic resonance image of the spine revealed a lobulated destructive mass eroding into bone and destroying the L5-S1 joint space, with foraminal narrowing and encroachment on the nerve root (Fig.
A comparison of changes over time in cervical foraminal height after tricortical iliac graft or polyetheretherketone cage placement following anterior discectomy.
The major management issue with these tumors concerns the lower cranial nerves, which are vulnerable to injury along their intracranial, extracranial, and foraminal segments and which may be impaired not only by surgery but also by the tumor itself.
The combination of high contrast and improved spatial resolution allows the radiologist to characterize disc pathology, assess for presence of cord and nerve root impingement, and evaluate neural foraminal patency.
PLIF includes complete decompression of the neural foramen and nerve roots, restoration of the predisease interbody distance and neural foraminal height, and near-total discectomy and restoration of segmental lordosis at the fused level (Branch, 1996).
17) Kelly et al (19) described a method of assessing foraminal stenosis with a foramen/vertebral body ratio on oblique radiographs.