force bill


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force bill,

popular name for several laws in U.S. history, notably the act of Mar. 2, 1833, and the Reconstruction acts of May 31, 1870; Feb. 28, 1871; and Apr. 20, 1871. The first force bill, passed in response to South Carolina's ordinance of nullificationnullification,
in U.S. history, a doctrine expounded by the advocates of extreme states' rights. It held that states have the right to declare null and void any federal law that they deem unconstitutional.
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, empowered President Jackson to use the army and navy, if necessary, to enforce the laws of Congress, specifically the tariff measures to which South Carolina had objected so violently. In the second set of force bills, or enforcement acts, as they were also called, the radical Republicans controlling Congress strengthened their Reconstruction program for the South by imposing severe penalties on those Southerners who tried to obstruct it. The act of May 31, 1870, designed to enforce the Fifteenth Amendment, provided heavy penalties of fine and imprisonment for anyone preventing qualified citizens (in this case African Americans) from voting. Such cases were to come under the jurisdiction of the federal courts. Congressional elections were placed exclusively under federal control, and the President was authorized to use the armed forces. In a similar vein but even more drastic was the act of Feb. 28, 1871. The act of Apr. 20, 1871, inspired by the activities of the Ku Klux Klan, declared the acts of armed combinations tantamount to rebellion and empowered the President to suspend the privilege of habeas corpus in lawless areas. President Grant did this in certain counties of South Carolina. Hundreds were indicted, fined, and imprisoned, and the act was partially responsible for the subsequent decline of the Klan.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Wednesday's sitting will also hear response of Federal Health Minister about banning import of veterinary medicines, and a statement from Minister of Interior about fees levied by the Ministry of Interior as well as reports of its committees on bill of endorsement of Media Cooperation Agreement between Sudan and Mauritania for the year 2017 and endorsement of establishment of East Africa Standby Force Bill, 2016.
The version of the Taylor Force bill that was approved by the Senate's Foreign Relations Committee earlier today and will soon proceed to the Senate floor for a full vote is a better iteration of the bill than the original version introduced earlier this year.
By the end of the hearing the TMA-supported bill failed to advance and the task force bill began a successful journey through the Tennessee General Assembly.
2011: While discussing the state's deadly force bill, Tasker writes what plenty of people interpret as a Facebook post justifying the shooting of police officers.
Further, the Court set up a series of hearings over the course of 40 days to consider whether to force Bill and Amy's daughter to have an abortion.
The task force bill would allow a temporary storage site but only as part of a nuclear power generation station built in the state.
But it has been claimed the force bill for manning the Birmingham West and Central contact management centre in April was pounds 32,000 - a figure which insiders say rose to a total of pounds 100,000 after May and June.
The notification stated that after the passage of levy force bill 2010 from Balochistan Assembly on April 5, 2010 and endorsement by the Governor it had become an act.
13 (ANI): In 1998, Taliban leader Mulla Omar had advised the US Congress to force Bill Clinton to resign as President following revelations of his sex tryst with White House intern Monica Lewinsky, State Department documents have disclosed.
Through grass-roots organizing, the Illinois Education Association helped drive passage of the state's Reduction in Force Bill, which improves "recall to work rights" for education support professionals (ESPs) and expands the definition of "reduction in force" to include reduction in hours.
The Northumbria force bill for police informants totalled pounds 141,525 in 2006/07.