foster care

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foster care,

generally, care of children on a full-time, temporary basis by persons other than their own parents. Also known as boarding-home care, foster care is intended to offer a supportive family environment to children whose natural parents cannot raise them because of the parents' physical or mental illness, the child's behavioral difficulties, or problems within the family environment, e.g., child abusechild abuse,
physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others responsible for a child's welfare. Physical abuse is characterized by physical injury, usually inflicted as a result of a beating or inappropriately harsh discipline.
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, alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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, extreme poverty, or crime. Such children are usually wards of the state. They may be placed by a state-approved agency in group homes, institutions (such as residential treatment centers), or with families who receive some payment toward care. The child's parents may retain their parental rights, and the child may ultimately return home. Under permanent foster care the agency has guardianship; the child may then be available for adoptionadoption,
act by which the legal relation of parent and child is created. Adoption was recognized by Roman law but not by common law. Statutes first introduced adoption into U.S. law in the mid-19th cent.
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 by the foster parents or others. Foster care can also provide a supervised setting for adults with mental or emotional disabilities who cannot care adequately for themselves. The concept of foster care has been extended in recent years to include care for elderly persons, on a fee basis, in the homes of people who are not family members.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mayor said that currently there are only 73 foster families in the city, and they can only place only 90-plus children, adding that the city had adjusted the service fees to foster parents from NT$18,000 per month to an amount between NT$21,000 and NT$23,000 per month to compensate for rising costs of providing foster care in hopes of drawing more people to join the cause.
4835), amendments to the Family Court Act and the Social Services law allow contact or visitation between siblings, including half siblings, that have been separated by foster care.
State officials have been warned for a decade or more that Oregon's foster care system is troubled.
children coming into contact with the foster care system annually.
The statewide foster care contract was awarded to the company's Washington subsidiary, Coordinated Care of Washington, by the Washington State Health Care Authority.
Third, with few exceptions (Gardener, 1998; Iglehart & Becerra, 2002; Whiting & Lee, 2003), very little empirical research has qualitatively examined the perspectives of individuals who were once in the foster care system, as well as how race, class, and gender impact these experiences (Harvey, Loughney, & Moore, 2002).
Nationwide, approximately 23,000 teens in foster care turn 18 each year.
The analysis also shows that students in foster care have the highest yearly drop out rates and are more than twice as likely to drop out in comparison to other students.
A dedicated plot was found for this particular activity and the young people in foster care were instrumental to its development.
A variety of studies have looked at the adult functioning of foster care alumni overall.
The percentage of children in foster care being prescribed psychotropic medications is much higher (13 percent to 52 percent) than for children generally in the United States (4 percent), and these children have increasingly been exposed to atypical antipsychotic medication to control disruptive behaviors common in this population.
Liverpool-born Barber, who was in foster care for more than 10 years, said: "It is very important that we get potential foster and adoptive parents coming forward, as there are so many children out there who just want a loving, safe, stable home.