foundling hospital


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foundling hospital,

institution for receiving and caring for abandoned children. In Athens and in Rome until the 4th cent., unwanted children were exposed, or left to die, in appointed places. The first modern foundling hospital was established by the archpriest of Milan in 787. Other cities throughout Europe followed this example. One of the best-known of such hospitals was founded in 1739 in London by Thomas CoramCoram, Thomas
, 1668?–1751, English philanthropist and colonizer. He lived for some years in Massachusetts, working as a shipbuilder. On his return to England he became (1732) a trustee of James Oglethorpe's Georgia colony and sponsored (1735) a colony in Nova Scotia for
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. In the United States, the first foundling hospital, St. Vincent's Infant Asylum, was begun in 1856 by Roman Catholic nuns in Baltimore. It was followed shortly by the founding of other infant asylums supported by religious denominations or private philanthropies. In both Great Britain and the United States foundling hospitals have for the most part been replaced by foster carefoster care,
generally, care of children on a full-time, temporary basis by persons other than their own parents. Also known as boarding-home care, foster care is intended to offer a supportive family environment to children whose natural parents cannot raise them because of the
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 programs under the supervision of state welfare agencies. Other maternal- and child-care programs are financed by municipal agencies or under social security programs.

Bibliography

See M. P. Hall, The Social Services of Modern England (6th ed., rev. 1963).

References in periodicals archive ?
I mean if I was a director -to be told 'right, I want you to do this play and have new born babies, a country village setting, a big circus and a formidable foundling hospital institution', I would just flounder and think, well how on earth, with a cast of six and a limited stage set am I going to do that.
When Rousseau declared that he was saving his children from his own fate by depositing them at the Foundling Hospital, he meant that the peasants or labourers he imagined they might become would be spared the torture of amour-propre, the struggle for status.
Originally set up in Bloomsbury, London, in 1739 by a retired sailor called Thomas Coram, the Foundling Hospital moved to "healthier" premises at Berkhamsted in the 1920s.
As his letters to her started to fade, Jean had already made the decision not to tell Raymond about her pregnancy and to beg the Foundling Hospital to give her baby the start in life she was sure she could not.
8220;The NY Foundling Hospital specializes in the needs of children with illnesses and their recovery.
Jane Austen, for one, dipped into The New Foundling Hospital for Wit (1771) for the riddle Mr Woodhouse spins in Emma.
At the end of his life Handel wrote a codicil to his will leaving the rights to his oratorio "Messiah" to the Foundling Hospital and 1,000 [pounds sterling] to the Society of Decay'd Musicians (now known as the Royal Society of Musicians).
Mary must eventually surrender her infant son to the Foundling Hospital.
99): Imagine Tracy Beaker in Victorian times and you'll get the gist of this novel, set in the late 1800s, in which the eponymous heroine is abandoned at the harsh Foundling Hospital, but is determined to find her real mother.
Handel later gave the performance rights to the Foundling Hospital in London.
It's 1783 and Cirrus Flux lives at Foundling Hospital - a place where parents can leave their babies to be brought up if they are unable to care for them.
The extensive grounds of the Foundling Hospital lay to the north-east of Queen Square (built 1708-20), where Fanny Burney lived in 1771-72, and where George III stayed with Dr.