free rider


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free rider

a person who gains from a collectively provided benefit without bearing any of the costs of gaining this. In a seminal text, M. Olson, The Logic of Collective Action (1965) employs the prisoner's dilemma game (see THEORY OF GAMES) to indicate that, where the group is large and any benefits of COLLECTIVE ACTION cannot be withheld from non-participants in the action, it will be rational’ for individuals to free ride.
References in periodicals archive ?
The answer seems to be: only if there are no free riders when it comes to financing the (admittedly rare) public goods.
Here, it could be claimed, the free rider problem becomes much more pronounced, up to the point of actually threatening the profitability of supplying such amenities.
The smart money says that McDonald's would care and that, given the existence of alternative suppliers, the company would choose to work with a vendor other than the free rider.
A standard argument maintains that such goods--necessarily to be available to every member of a given public if provided to any--will consistently be underproduced on the market because too many people will yield to the temptation to be free riders and so avoid contributing to the cost of providing them, so they must be delivered by a state with the power to fund them by using taxation (pp.
5) The benefit most widely asserted is that RPM, or vertical price fixing, can control free rider problems, and thereby encourage dealer services, promote interbrand competition, and enhance consumer welfare.
The team includes Tom Meany - a World Cup Freestyle Champion in 1995 and a stunt veteran; Tony Sleeman - the1200cc World Champion in Stock Class; Gil Beaurnier - the first-ever to do the Double Back Flip stunt and ranked third in the 2007 World Championship Free Rider Competition; Julien Herpsont - ranked fifth in the France National Free Rider Championship; Brad Prust - a free ride master; and Amelie Sinapin - race car driver and member of the show for the past two years.
Free Rider landed an overdue success at Newmarket and can defy a 3lb penalty in the Castlegate Rated Stakes.
FREE Rider landed an overdue success at Newmarket and can double his season's tally with victory at York tomorrow.
Under these conditions, the short-run income maximization myopic strategy is the only dominant strategy that could be followed by a rent-seeking free rider.
The free rider gains uninformed consumers who first acquire the special services from rivals and who have low shopping costs the consumers Telser originally envisioned.
Freeman and Medoff |1984, 243~, Bloom and Northrup |1981, 227~ and others point to membership figures indicating that right-to-work laws create serious free rider problems for unions.
UFCW Releases Briefing Paper Detailing How Free Rider Provision Would Incentivize Irresponsible Walmart Employment Practices and Diminish Shared Responsibility for Health Care Reform