freshet

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freshet

1. the sudden overflowing of a river caused by heavy rain or melting snow
2. a stream of fresh water emptying into the sea

Freshet

 

a comparatively short and aperiodic rise in the water level of a river occurring as a result of the rapid melting of snow in a thaw, the melting of glaciers, abundant rainfall, or the release of water from reservoirs. Unlike seasonal high water, a freshet may occur at any time of the year. If a freshet occurs because of a rapid increase in the discharge of water in a certain segment of a river, it rapidly spreads downstream at up to 5 km/hr in rivers on level ground and 45 km/hr in mountain rivers. The height of such a freshet usually decreases downstream, but its duration increases. A large freshet may cause a flood.

freshet

[′fresh·ət]
(hydrology)
The annual spring rise of streams in cold climates as a result of melting snow.
A flood resulting from either rain or melting snow; usually applied only to small streams and to floods of minor severity.
A small fresh-water stream.
References in periodicals archive ?
Defining optimal freshwater flow for oyster production: effects of freshet rate and magnitude of change and duration on eastern oysters and Perkinsus marinus infection.
Tributaries to the Mackenzie River flow either year-round or seasonally, with peak discharge occurring after the spring freshet.
flickering in muddy puddles, in freshets that plunge down Apennine
XXII The brook leaps riotous with its life just found, That freshets from the mountain rains have fed, Beats at the boulders in its hindered bed, And fills the valley with its triumphing sound.
Freshets of water ran from his clothes onto her brilliantly waxed floor, and he held his arm out to her.
Once, loggers drove their timber down this waterfall on spring freshets.
Oysters, clams, and mussels in the billions filtered the local water; the river and the sea exchanged their tonics in tidal runs and freshets fueled by a generous climate; and the entire scheme was powered by the moon and the sun, in ecosystems that reused and retained water, soil, and energy, in cycles established over millions of years.
the munching cows, the iris, crisp and shivering, the water still standing from spring freshets, the yet-to-be-dismantled elms, the geese.
Rivers and streams: With freshets in the forecast, prospects for winters steelhead fishing this weekend are very good.
We won't know for hours that even a big Caterpillar would flounder in those freshets, that the rains have washed enough mud from New Zealand's hills to color the water a mile out to sea.
Sweet trees are on the paved way of the Shin, Their trunks burst through the paving, And freshets are bursting their ice in the midst of Shoku, a proud city.
Textile mill owners downstream on the Pemigewasset and the Merrimack watched helplessly as erosion-fueled freshets and summer droughts alternately flooded and spun their wheels.