Fricative


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Related to Fricative: Voiced fricative

fricative

[′frik·əd·iv]
(linguistic)
A primary type of speech sound of the major languages that is produced by a partial constriction along the vocal tract which results in turbulence; for example, the fricatives in English may be illustrated by the initial and final consonants in the words vase, this, faith, hash.

Fricative

 

(also continuant, spirant), any one of several obstruent consonants characterized by a turbulent sound resulting from the passage of air through a narrow stricture between incompletely closed articulatory speech organs. They differ acoustically from stops, in which the passage of air through the oral resonator is completely cut off, in that stops have a sharp on-glide and fricatives have a smooth, gradual on-glide.

Fricatives may be classified as central (nonlateral) and lateral. All Russian fricatives—[f], [s], [∫], [x] and the corresponding voiced consonants—are nonlateral fricatives, in which the air-stream passes through the center of the oral cavity. In lateral fricatives there is an obstruction in the center of the oral cavity, and the air passes around the sides; an example is the lateral [f] used in a number of Caucasian languages and American Indian languages. Fricatives with a nonlateral stricture are divided into groove fricatives, such as Russian and English [s], and slit fricatives, for example, English [θ] and Russian and English [f].

References in periodicals archive ?
Labio- Dental Bilabial dental EN IT GR FR Stop/Plosive voiced b d d voiceless p t t Fricative voiced v [?
Variation in the pronunciation of the Spanish voiceless fricatives is basically related to the presence of the /s-9/ merger or split, to the pronunciation of /s/, and to the pronunciation of /x/.
In all metathesized versions, speakers prefer to pronounce the sequence as fricative + stop.
6 other distinctive vowels); with PerceOcl, it is possible to evaluate the identification of stops, from 30 minimal pairs (6 stops x 5); with PerceFric, it is possible to evaluate the identification of fricatives, considering 30 contrasting pairs (6 fricatives x 5) and; finally, with PerceSon, it is possible to evaluate the identification of the sonorants, from 42 contrasting pairs (7 sonorants (3 nasals and 4 liquids) x 6).
lateral fricative phoneme (/s/) also seems at first blush confusing.
v/ Velar Fricative (Voiced) As in the /R/ sound in the French word jour, chauffeur and soir
While Ndlovu's concern is on the disparity between some sounds and their symbols, the inter-dental fricative in Ndebele is a case of a sound without a symbol.
The voiceless fricative consonant phoneme MP *s regularly derived in ISP as *s, and is present in all word positions; beginning, middle and the end of the word.
Think or sink: Chinese learners' acquisition of English voiceless interdental fricative.
Some fricative segments Ifi y v/ do not make consonant clusters word medially that is why the above table does not show examples of these three segments.