froghopper


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froghopper

or

spittlebug,

small, hopping insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 of the order Homoptera. The adult, under 1-2 in. (1.2 cm) long in most species, is triangular in shape and usually gray or dull green to brown. Most froghoppers feed on plants and shrubs; a few feed on trees. They leap from plant to plant, seldom flying. Females insert their eggs in plant stems and sometimes cover them with a protective frothy material. When the nymphs, or larvae, emerge, they feed on the surface of the stem, sucking the plant juices. In many species the nymphs envelop themselves in a mass of foam (called spittle, frog spit, or cuckoo spit) made by blowing air through a viscid fluid expelled from the anus. The spittle, often conspicuous on grasses, protects the enclosed nymphs from desiccation and probably also from predators. Some froghopper species are injurious to pine trees and garden plants. Froghoppers are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Homoptera, family Cercopidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adult froghoppers should be emerging at the end of this month, when their gymnastic abilities will put many World Cup strikers to shame - these tiny little insects can jump 70cms, and show an acceleration of 14 kilometres per hour, keeping them safe from many potential predators.
Others, such as fleas and froghoppers, have short legs, but store large amounts of energy in their leg muscles--which they release like a catapult in one quick burst.
In fall, adult female froghoppers lay eggs at the junctures of stems and leaves, ensuring next year's crop of bubbly bugs.
The froghopper adults were placed in cages made with delaine fabric (80 x 100 x 50 cm) together with sugarcane plants for feeding, mating and oviposition.
He said: "A froghopper stores energy by bending a paired bow-shaped part of its internal skeleton called a 'pleural arch' which is a composite structure made of layers of hard cuticle and a rubbery protein called resilin.
Spittle bug is another name for froghopper, tiny creatures who take in the sap of plants at this time of year before they emerge into brown beetles in August with a capability of being long jump champions.
How many times its own body length can the froghopper jump?
They are: Sombrero, Super Dragon, the Froghopper, Flying Jumbos, Mini Balloons, Raft Ride and Crazy Bus.
Effect of Metarbizium anisopliae var anisopliae Metschnikoff (Sorokin) (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes) on fecundity of the sugarcane froghopper, Aeneolamia varia saccharina Distant (Homoptera: Cercopidae) in Trinidad.
THE SOLUTION: Don't panic - it's simply the foam produced during the early development of a tiny insect called a froghopper and acts as a protective blanket, keeping the creature snug and putting off hungry predators.
ADRIENNE SAYS: The froth contains the grubs of an insect called the froghopper.