fruit fly


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fruit fly,

common name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 that lay their eggs in various plant tissues. The Tephritidae contains about 1,200 species characterized by wide heads, black or steely green or blue bodies, iridescent greenish eyes, and wings that are usually mottled brown or black. The eggs of most species are laid directly in the pulp of the fruit on which the larvae feed; in North America, blueberries, cherries, and apples are much damaged by these insects. In warm regions, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, was a serious pest of citrus fruits; it has now been eradicated from the S United States. Some species, e.g., the goldenrod gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis, which deposits its eggs in species of goldenrod, lay their eggs in plants of no economic importance. The Drosophilidae, or pomace flies, are yellowish and in the wild are largely found around decaying vegetation. The larvae living in fruit actually feed on the yeasts growing in the fruit. Drosophila melanogaster, also called vinegar fly, is a much used laboratory insect; its 10-day life cycle and large chromosomes, particularly those of the salivary glands of the larva, have made it invaluable in the study of geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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. Fruit flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae.

fruit fly

[′früt ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for those acalypterate insects composing the family Tephritidae.
Any insect whose larvae feed on fruit or decaying vegetable matter.

fruit fly

1. any small dipterous fly of the family Trypetidae, which feed on and lay their eggs in plant tissues
2. any dipterous fly of the genus Drosophila
References in periodicals archive ?
The five-year Fruit Fly Action Plan will see industry, community and government working together to coordinate the management of fruit fly across the state, improving productivity and optimising market access opportunities to domestic and international markets for Victorian horticulture.
Mostly Guava fruit fly attack appeared in summer season and fly laid egg by inserting its sting in the fruit as a result small worms came out of eggs and eat pulp due to which fruit fell down, they added.
According to TERRO, an industry leader in DIY pest control products, fruit fly populations tend to be greatest during the summer and fall months, when they infest fruits during the harvest season.
That a fruit fly manages to do fighter-jet banked turns in midair contradicts some earlier ideas about how tiny insects maneuver, says Michael Dickinson of the University of Washington in Seattle.
Investigations have shown a high level of melon fruit fly resistance to this chemical resulting in this pest's gradual buildup in population density and considerable loss in cucumber production (Klunginess et al.
But by 2001, the Oriental fruit fly population rebounded and became more abundant, spreading to many more islands.
There is a tremendous amount of similarity between a human small intestine and the fruit fly intestine.
First detected in 1998, the olive fruit fly spread quickly throughout the state's olive-growing regions.
A team of biologists led by Peter Cameron at the University of California, Berkeley recently figured out how a fruit fly tastes water--and how its brain detects that water is near.
For the experiment, researchers raised members of a mutant, short-lived species of fruit fly, (Sod flies) in a vial with younger members of control fruit flies.
BOFFINS have found a gene in the humble fruit fly that could help unlock the secrets of human ageing.
That fruit fly hovering over your kitchen counter may be attracted to more than the bananas that are going brown; it may also want a sip of your carbonated water.