fruticose


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Related to fruticose: foliose

fruticose

[′früd·ə‚kōs]
(biology)
Resembling a shrub; applied especially to lichens. Also known as frutescent.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thirty-one (45%) lichens are crustose, 27 (39%) are foliose, 8 (12%) are fruticose and 3 (4%) are squamulose.
This is 15 foliose species in total, which means 45,45% of the lichen species found in this study and differs greatly with the data of Arino et al (1997), who found only three foliose species and no fruticose species.
Fruticose (fru-ti-cose) lichens are stalked and grow best in humid places.
Foliose lichens have a second cortex beneath the medulla, while fruticose lichens have a small central core instead of a lower cortex.
Ramalina menziesii is the most common, epiphytic, fruticose lichen, followed by Usnea spp.
Site Foliose Lichen/ Fruticose lichen Site 1 Station 1 -- Lake Tonga Feid M'Rad Station 2 Ain T'Bib Site 2 Lake Station 1 0.
Fruticose lichens, which covered much of the relatively smooth substrate on the rolling hills of the landscape, had been heavily grazed and shattered.
The growth form of each lichen was determined: foliose (leaf-like), crustose (crust-like) or fruticose (shrub-like) as well as the substrate: saxicolous (growing on concrete, dolomite or granite), corticolous (growing on the bark of trees or shrubs), lignicolous (growing on wood or decorticate logs) or other (growing on steel, paint, fiberglass, fungi, etc.
In the present study, the effect of grazing refuges was clearly visible on some specimens of the fruticose Mesophyllum printzianum, where pockets of diatoms proliferated in the narrow gaps between protruberances or the sunken pore plates of conceptacles (Fig.
These epiphytes, especially the fruticose lichens (lichens with a shrubby appearance) that hang from the branches of trees, are very sensitive to air pollution, especially sulfur dioxide, and this makes them good indicators of atmospheric pollution.
The complexes of plant communities structured by fruticose succulent chamaephytes in eastern Iberian Peninsula (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Sarcocornia fruticosa, Sarcocornia hispanica) are framed in the phytosociologial class Salicornietea fruticosae within tha alliances Salicornion fruticosae y Arthrocnemion glauci (RIVAS-MARTINEZ & al.