TERM

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term

1. any of the divisions of the academic year during which a school, college, etc., is in session
2. Law
a. an estate or interest in land limited to run for a specified period
b. the duration of an estate, etc.
c. (formerly) a period of time during which sessions of courts of law were held
d. time allowed to a debtor to settle
3. Maths either of the expressions the ratio of which is a fraction or proportion, any of the separate elements of a sequence, or any of the individual addends of a polynomial or series
4. Logic
a. the word or phrase that forms either the subject or predicate of a proposition
b. a name or variable, as opposed to a predicate
c. one of the relata of a relation
d. any of the three subjects or predicates occurring in a syllogism
5. Architect a sculptured post, esp one in the form of an armless bust or an animal on the top of a square pillar
6. Australian Rules football the usual word for quarter

TERM

 

(1) A word or word group that provides a precise definition of a concept and of its relations to other concepts within a particular subject field. Within that field, terms serve as specifying limiting definitions of their objects and phenomena and of their attributes and relationships.

Terms are significant only within a particular terminology. Unlike the meaning of words in the common language, the meaning of terms is not related to context. Within a particular system of concepts, a term is ideally monosemous, systematic, and stylistically neutral; examples are “phoneme,” “sinus,” and “surplus value.” Terms and nonterms, or words of colloquial speech, may shade into one another.

Terms are subject to the word-forming, grammatical, and phonetic rules of a given language. Terms are established either by assigning a specialized meaning to words of colloquial speech, or by means of borrowing and caiques of foreign terms. Modern linguistic scholarship tends toward the use of internationalisms in terminology and toward the semantic standardization of terminological systems within a particular discipline in different languages, that is, toward a monosemous correspondence among terms in different languages.

(2) In logic, an element of formalized language corresponding to the subject or object in the usual grammatical sense; also, the subject of a proposition in traditional logic. In the most widely accepted view, a term is an element of the premise of the propositions (statements) that form part of a categorical syllogism. Terms may be major, middle, or minor. A major term serves as the predicate (logical predicate) of a proposition that is the conclusion of a given syllogism. A minor term is the subject (logical subject) of the conclusion. A middle term does not form part of a syllogism’s conclusion, but it does form part of the proposition that serves as the syllogism’s premise.

term

[tərm]
(mathematics)
For an expression, any one of several quantities whose sum is the expression.
For a fraction, either the numerator or the denominator.
(spectroscopy)
A set of (2 S +1)(2 L +1) atomic states belonging to a definite configuration and to definite spin and orbital angular momentum quantum numbers S and L.

terminal figure, terminal statue

A decorative figure in which a head, or a head and bust, or the human figure to the waist and including the arms, is incorporated with (as if it were springing out of) a pillar which serves as its pedestal.

TERM

(networking)
A program by Michael O'Reilly <michael@iinet.com.au> for people running Unix who have Internet access via a dial-up connection, and who don't have access to SLIP, or PPP, or simply prefer a more lightweight protocol. TERM does end-to-end error-correction, compression and mulplexing across serial links. This means you can upload and download files as the same time you're reading your news, and can run X clients on the other side of your modem link, all without needing SLIP or PPP.

Latest version: 1.15.

ftp://tartarus.uwa.edu.au/pub/oreillym/term/term115.tar.gz.

TERM

(business)
Technology Enabled Relationship Management.
References in periodicals archive ?
9) In present study, the length of supra renal glands in fetuses between 29 weeks to full term was ranging between 1.
The full term COPs are secured by district lease payments that come from a separate unlimited property tax levy and are not subject to appropriation.
Using information from the resting lung function tests, they calculated an estimate of airway size for both premature and full term groups.
Preterm children needed less support to fall asleep and fell asleep more often alone in their own bed compared to those born at full term," said principal investigator Dr Barbara Caravale from Sapienza University in Rome, Italy.
By the time the premature babies were adults, only about two in 100 required asthma medicine, almost the same as babies born full term.
The aim was to predict possibility of risk of SGA in preterm, full term and post mature infants.
Auerbach, who is running for re-election to his second full term in June, said the ruling won't affect him because he's now 58 and if he served three terms, he would be 66.
Donations are sought from mothers who give birth, after a full term, by cesarean section; the fluid is aspirated out of the amniotic sac just before delivery.
In 2005, he was elected by acclamation to a full term as director.
A pregnancy is full term when gestation lasts between 37 and 41 weeks.
County jails are overwhelmed and overcrowded, forced to release convicted criminals before they've served their full term.