fumitory

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fumitory,

common name for some members of the Fumariaceae, a family of herbs native to much of the Old World, especially temperate Eurasia. The family is closely related to (and sometimes classified with) the poppies. The early spring wildflowers Dutchman's-breeches and squirrel corn, of the NE United States, are of the same genus (Dicentra) as is the bleeding heart, a native of Japan naturalized and cultivated in the United States as a garden perennial. Fumitory is a predominantly Mediterranean genus (Fumaria) that was once used medicinally. The climbing fumitory, or Allegheny vine, is a North American plant of another genus (Adlumia). Several genera of the family are native to S Africa. Fumitory is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Papaverales, family Fumariaceae.