fundamental


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Related to fundamental: Fundamental analysis, Fundamental theorem of calculus, Fundamental research, Fundamental rights, Fundamental units

fundamental

1. Music denoting or relating to the principal or lowest note of a harmonic series
2. of or concerned with the component of lowest frequency in a complex vibration
3. 
a. the principal or lowest note of a harmonic series
b. the bass note of a chord in root position
4. Physics
a. the component of lowest frequency in a complex vibration
b. the frequency of this component

fundamental

[¦fən·də¦ment·əl]
(physics)
The lowest frequency component of a complex wave. Also known as first harmonic; fundamental component.
References in classic literature ?
That the investigation of the fundamental principles of government was deeply implicated in these dissensions is evident from the immortal work of Grotius, upon the rights of war and peace, which undoubtedly originated from them.
I am speaking of the EQUALITY of sides, and it does not need much reflection to see that the whole of the social life in Flatland rests upon the fundamental fact that Nature wills all Figures to have their sides equal.
It however became necessary for one of them to break it first, and as D'Artagnan appeared determined to leave that honor to his companion, Aramis said, "you see that I am returned to my fundamental ideas.
The different measures suited to the nine varieties of ground; the expediency of aggressive or defensive tactics; and the fundamental laws of human nature: these are things that must most certainly be studied.
It is simply that the wiles of the East Wind are too much for its fundamental honesty.
Besides the fundamental principle already hinted at, I demanded the fresh bloom of youth, pearly teeth, glossy ringlets, and the whole list of lovely items, with the utmost delicacy of habits and sentiments, a silken texture of mind, and, above all, a virgin heart.
I, too, suffered most from inability to get hold of some fundamental thought.
So the sentence now read 'o nous estin augos', and is, you perceive, the fundamental doctrines in his metaphysics.
But Washington life, to Count Otto's apprehension, was paved with mistakes; he felt himself in a society founded on fundamental fallacies and triumphant blunders.
This, I confess, has been something of a surprise to me, and I have not yet made up my mind as to the fundamental cause of the anomaly.
Both these extremes are to be avoided; which will be done, if the league of Christians, penned by our Savior himself, were in two cross clauses thereof, soundly and plainly expounded: He that is not with us, is against us; and again, He that is not against us, is with us; that is, if the points fundamental and of substance in religion, were truly discerned and distinguished, from points not merely of faith, but of opinion, order, or good intention.
But make our fundamental convictions your own, join our brotherhood, give yourself up to us, let yourself be guided, and you will at once feel yourself, as I have felt myself, a part of that vast invisible chain the beginning of which is hidden in heaven," said Pierre.

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