fundamental group


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fundamental group

[¦fən·də¦ment·əl ′grüp]
(communications)
In wire communications, a group of trunks that connect each local or trunk switching center to a trunk switching center of higher rank on which it homes; the term also applies to groups that interconnect zone centers.
(mathematics)
For a topological space, the group of homotopy classes of all closed paths about a point in the space; this group yields information about the number and type of “holes” in a surface.
References in classic literature ?
But then New York, as far back as the mind of man could travel, had been divided into the two great fundamental groups of the Mingotts and Mansons and all their clan, who cared about eating and clothes and money, and the Archer-Newland- van-der-Luyden tribe, who were devoted to travel, horticulture and the best fiction, and looked down on the grosser forms of pleasure.
IT says in Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: "The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State".
DIFI believes that family is not only the fundamental group unit of society, but is also the fundamental agent for sustainable social, economic, and cultural development," Noor said.
Al-Malki pointed out that family is not only the fundamental group unit of society, but is also the fundamental agent for sustainable social, economic, and cultural development.
It reaffirms that the family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
At the T1, the individuals which will rely mainly on one fundamental group belief, and all other additional group beliefs which are composed from legends, values, perceptions, stereotypes.
Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: "The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state.
Marriage, the permanent exclusive union of one man and one woman is the basis of the family, the fundamental group unit of society.
Article 16 (3) of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR ratified by all nations in 1948) states that, "The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
The Israeli Defense Forces captured Shadi Suqiyeh, a senior member of the fundamental group Islamic Jihad, who was known to have planned numerous foiled attempts against Israel.
The widest possible protection and assistance should be accorded to the family, which is the natural and fundamental group unit of society, particularly for its establishment and while it is responsible for the care and education of dependent children.
Specific topics include the Hodge theoretic fundamental group and its cohomology, the real regulator for a self-product of a general suface, Lipschitz cocycles and the Poincare duality, zero-cycles on algebraic tori, motives associated to sums of graphs, and double shuffle relations and renormalizations of multiple zeta values.

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