Mycoses(redirected from fungal diseases)
diseases of humans and animals that are caused by parasitic fungi.
In humans The most common mycotic infections in humans are dermatomycoses. Some mycoses affect only humans and are transmitted from man to man or through infected utensils and apparel. Other mycotic infections are transmitted to humans by animals. Mycoses are classified according to which organs and tissues they infect. There are mycoses of the skin, hair, and nails (trichophytosis, microsporosis, favus); mycoses of the skin and nails (epidermophytosis, candidiasis); and mycoses of internal organs, that is, systemic mycoses (actinomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis). The development of mycosis in humans depends on the pathogenicity of the fungus, the defensive capabilities of the body and the infected organ, and environmental factors.
REFERENCEKashkin, P. N. Dermatomikozy, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1954.
In animals Livestock, fur-bearing and other carnivorous animals, rodents, bees, and fishes are susceptible to mycoses. The causative agents of mycoses, upon penetrating the body, produce specific pathological processes on the skin and its derivatives (such superficial mycoses as trichophytosis, microsporosis, and favus) and in internal organs (such systemic mycoses as lymphangitis, sporotrichosis, streptotrichosis, North American blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, and cryptococcosis). Superficial mycoses are ubiquitous; systemic mycoses are found predominantly in the Americas, Europe, and Asia.
REFERENCESpesivtseva, N. A. Mikozy i mikotoksikozy zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
N. A. SPESIVTSEVA