Galilee

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Galilee

(găl`ĭlē), region, N Israel, roughly the portion north of the plain of EsdraelonEsdraelon
[Gr. for Jezreel], fertile plain, c.200 sq mi (520 sq km), extending southeast c.25 mi (40 km) between the coastal plain, near Mt. Carmel, and the Jordan River valley, N Israel; separates the hills of Galilee on the north from those of Samaria to the south.
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. Galilee was the chief scene of the ministry of Jesus. The Sea of Galilee (see Galilee, Sea ofGalilee, Sea of,
 Lake Tiberias
, or Lake Kinneret
, lake, 64 sq mi (166 sq km), 14 mi (23 km) long, and 3 to 7 mi (4.8–11.3 km) wide, NE Israel; its surface is c.700 ft (210 m) below sea level.
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), the countryside, and the towns—CanaCana
, ancient town of Galilee. According to the Gospel of St. John it was here that Jesus performed his first miracle by turning water into wine at a wedding.
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, CapernaumCapernaum
or Capharnaum
, town, NE ancient Palestine, on the northwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee; in the Gospels, it is closely associated with Jesus' ministry, and was the home of several of Jesus' disciples. A synagogue of the 3d cent.
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, TiberiasTiberias
, town (1994 pop. 36,400), NE Israel, on the Sea of Galilee, 682 ft (208 m) below sea level. It is one of the four holy cities of Judaism and a trade center for agricultural settlements. A resort town, Tiberias has hotels, a hot springs spa, and a lake port.
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, NazarethNazareth
, town (1993 pop. 53,500), N Israel, in Galilee. As the home of Jesus, it is a great pilgrimage and tourist center. Nazareth is also the trade center for an agricultural region. The town's manufactures include processed food, cigarettes, and pottery.
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—are repeatedly referred to in the Gospels. Jesus himself was called the Galilean, and his disciples were chosen from the local fishermen. After the destruction of Jerusalem (A.D. 70), Galilee became the main center of Judaism in Palestine. Zionist colonization of the region began at the end of the 19th cent. The Beit Natufa Dam there is part of the National Water Carrier System, of which the main reservoir is the Sea of Galilee. Galilee is divided into Upper and Lower sections. The major towns in Upper Galilee are ZefatZefat
, town (1994 pop. 21,600), NE Israel. One of Israel's four holy cities, it has a thriving artists' colony and many museums and ancient synagogues. Ceramics, diamonds, and handicrafts are produced in the town, which has a large Orthodox Jewish population. Founded c.A.D.
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 and TiberiasTiberias
, town (1994 pop. 36,400), NE Israel, on the Sea of Galilee, 682 ft (208 m) below sea level. It is one of the four holy cities of Judaism and a trade center for agricultural settlements. A resort town, Tiberias has hotels, a hot springs spa, and a lake port.
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; NazarethNazareth
, town (1993 pop. 53,500), N Israel, in Galilee. As the home of Jesus, it is a great pilgrimage and tourist center. Nazareth is also the trade center for an agricultural region. The town's manufactures include processed food, cigarettes, and pottery.
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 is the largest town in Lower Galilee. Jews, Arabs, and Druze compose the bulk of the population. Most of the towns of the region are industrialized, and the fertile agricultural areas produce an abundance of olives and grain.

Galilee

 

a historic region in northern Palestine. Its original population were Horites and Canaanites, but in the 13th-12th centuries B.C. it was seized and settled by the Israelites. Its main centers are Sepphoris, Gischala, and Tiberias. According to Christian tradition, Galilee was the chief region where Jesus did his preaching. At the end of the second century B.C., Galilee was united with Judea. In the first century B.C. and the first century A.D. it was the scene of popular uprisings against the Judaic slaveholding aristocracy, which was intimately connected with Rome, and against Roman puppet kings, including Herod and Agrippa II.

REFERENCE

Livshits, G. M. Klassovaia bor’ba v ludee i vosstaniia protiv Rima. Minsk, 1957.

D. G. REDER

galilee

A narthex or chapel at the entrance of a church; often used for worship.

Galilee

Jesus’s area of activity. [Christianity: Wigoder, 203]
See: Christ

Galilee

1. Sea of. Also called: Lake Tiberias, Lake Kinneret. a lake in NE Israel, 209 m (686 ft.) below sea level, through which the River Jordan flows. Area: 165 sq. km (64 sq. miles)
2. a northern region of Israel: scene of Christ's early ministry