gall bladder


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Related to gall bladder: gallbladder attack, gallbladder pain, Gallbladder stones

gall bladder,

small pear-shaped sac that stores and concentrates bilebile,
bitter alkaline fluid of a yellow, brown, or green color, secreted, in man, by the liver. Bile, or gall, is composed of water, bile acids and their salts, bile pigments, cholesterol, fatty acids, and inorganic salts.
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. It is connected to the liver (which produces the bile) by the hepatic duct. When food containing fat reaches the small intestine, the hormone cholecystokinin is produced by cells in the intestinal wall and carried to the gall bladder via the bloodstream. The hormone causes the gall bladder to contract, forcing bile into the common bile duct. A valve, which opens only when food is present in the intestine, allows bile to flow from the common bile duct into the duodenum where it functions in the process of fat digestion.

The substances contained in bile sometimes crystallize in the gall bladder, forming gallstones. These small, hard concretions are more common in persons over 40, especially in women and the obese. They can cause inflammation of the gall bladder, a disorder that produces symptoms similar to those of indigestion, especially after a fatty meal is consumed. If a stone becomes lodged in the bile duct, it produces severe pain. Gallstones may pass out of the body spontaneously; however, serious blockage is treated by removing the gall bladder surgically.

gall bladder

a muscular pear-shaped sac, lying underneath the right lobe of the liver, that stores bile and ejects it into the duodenum through the common bile duct
References in periodicals archive ?
Review of the operation notes from the LC revealed that gallstones had been left intra-abdominally since a strongly adherent gall bladder perforated during dissection from the liver bed.
In contrast, gall bladder lithotripsy requires a two- to three-day hospitalization, and that may decrease before too long.
Bile becomes trapped in the gall bladder, causing inflammation of its lining.
The hospital took nine months to diagnose her gall bladder cancer - despite tests picking it up almost immediately.
Ms Vijay has admitted she cut the wrong blood vessels when trying to remove the patient's gall bladder and had insufficient experience to carry out the operation unsupervised at the Homerton Hospital, Hackney, East London.
She beat the disease and was admitted to Huddersfield Royal Infirmary for her gall bladder operation on August 8.
During surgery it is believed an area near her gall bladder was "inadvertently lacerated" in two places but her family claim medical staff failed to spot the error which proved fatal.
Faye Hawkins, 26, is suing health chiefs after claiming the op to remove her gall bladder has affected her whole life.
She said: ``I had terrible fears of dying because of my weight and gall bladder problems.
A previous study showed a 38% increase in hospitalisations for gall bladder disease over a four-year period among women with heart disease taking HRT, said the researchers.
A pensioner died from severe haemorrhaging a month after an operation to remove a gall bladder hit difficulties, an inquest was told.
The bile found in the black bear's gall bladder contains ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and is considered to treat a variety of illnesses in TCM and TKM.