gall bladder

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gall bladder,

small pear-shaped sac that stores and concentrates bilebile,
bitter alkaline fluid of a yellow, brown, or green color, secreted, in man, by the liver. Bile, or gall, is composed of water, bile acids and their salts, bile pigments, cholesterol, fatty acids, and inorganic salts.
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. It is connected to the liver (which produces the bile) by the hepatic duct. When food containing fat reaches the small intestine, the hormone cholecystokinin is produced by cells in the intestinal wall and carried to the gall bladder via the bloodstream. The hormone causes the gall bladder to contract, forcing bile into the common bile duct. A valve, which opens only when food is present in the intestine, allows bile to flow from the common bile duct into the duodenum where it functions in the process of fat digestion.

The substances contained in bile sometimes crystallize in the gall bladder, forming gallstones. These small, hard concretions are more common in persons over 40, especially in women and the obese. They can cause inflammation of the gall bladder, a disorder that produces symptoms similar to those of indigestion, especially after a fatty meal is consumed. If a stone becomes lodged in the bile duct, it produces severe pain. Gallstones may pass out of the body spontaneously; however, serious blockage is treated by removing the gall bladder surgically.

gall bladder

a muscular pear-shaped sac, lying underneath the right lobe of the liver, that stores bile and ejects it into the duodenum through the common bile duct
References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: The technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be used effectively for treating empyema gall bladder specifically in American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) I and II patients.
Gall bladder associated ectopic liver: a rare finding during a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
The objective of this study was to report the frequency of various histo-morphological lesions in cholecystectomy specimens and to highlight the importance of histopathologic examination of each and every specimen of gall bladder.
the correct description of this described case must be accessory gall bladder, i.
Due to the unusual orientation, while operating on a left-sided, gall bladder requires mental adaptability and manual dexterity to cope with any evolving difficult or potentially dangerous intra-operative situation.
People suffering from gall bladder conditions, which cause pain in the lower torso and upper back, can suffer intermittent bouts of severe pain after eating too much food, Dr Al Mehza said.
6%) of the male patients developed empyema or gangrene of the gall bladder as a complication of acute cholecystitis.
Furthermore, a 2 x 3 cm abdominal wall abscess was found behind the superior part of the right rectus abdominis muscle, equivalent to the port site where the perforated gall bladder was extracted 17 years earlier (Fig.
Pune, June 27 -- Late Droupadabai Murlidhar Khedekar Dawakhana General Hospital & Trauma Center, managed by Sahyadri Hospital Bopodi is organizing a special camp for treatment of Hernia and Gall Bladder.
Islamabad, Jan 10( ANI ): A Pakistani surgeon has made it to the Guinness Book of World Records by successfully removing the world's longest gall bladder through a 1 centimetre umbilical incision.
The high prevalence of cholelithiasis and appearance of new surgical technologies indicate the problem of treatment of the diseases of the gall bladder and bile ducts as very important in the current surgery (Ermolov et al.
The commonest affections of gall bladder and biliary tree included cholangitis, cholecystitis, cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis.