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see railrail,
common name for some members of the large family Rallidae, marsh and tropical forest birds that include the gallinule and the coot, two specialized rails. Rails are cosmopolitan in distribution, except in polar regions.
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(Gallínula), a genus of birds in the order Grui-formes. There are four species: the common gallinule (Gallínula chlowpus) is found in the USSR. Length, approximately 35 cm. Its legs are long, and the beak and tail are short. The back is brownish olive, and the belly gray; there are white lengthwise stripes along the sides. The head is black, with a red spot on the forehead, and the beak is red with a yellow top. Birds of the Gallínula genus are found throughout the world, except Australia.

In the USSR, the common gallinule is found as far north as Leningrad and Omsk and as far east as the Altai. It also nests in Primor’e Krai, Sakhalin Island, and the southern Kuril Islands.

Gallinules are migratory birds and only rarely stay the winterin their nesting grounds. They settle in freshwater, overgrown, grassy bodies of water and build nests in the middle of the waterin rushes or bushes. The female lays six to 12 eggs twice a year.They feed mainly on aquatic invertebrates.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gallinules (Porphyrula martinica and Gallingula chloropus) nest in clumps of emergent vegetation on the edges of canals in the Lacassine Wildlife Refuge.
Observations on the Purple Gallinule Porphyrio porphyrio habitat use in Algarve.
William Hill report plenty of interest in Jan Vermeer and now make Sunday's impressive Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes winner their 11-4 favourite with St Nicholas Abbey out to 3-1 (from 7-4).
ON SUNDAY we will find out if Giovanni Canaletto can put himself in the mix for Investec Derby glory when he goes for the Group 3 Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh.
The four-year-old runs in the Group 3 Gallinule Stakes and he should follow up his course and distance victory there in April.
O'Brien added: "Albert Hall is to come here, a horse called Scorpion might run in the Gallinule, and there's a horse called Yehudi who might run at the weekend.
DERMOT WELD nominated the Dubai Duty Free Irish Derby as the next "logical step" for Speaking Of Which after he bolted up in the Group 3 Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes.
He added: "We were really pleased with Jan Vermeer's run in the Gallinule, he showed plenty of pace and came home well despite it being his first run of the season.
On the same card the stable's "dark horse" Kingdom Of Naples runs in the Gallinule Stakes, a trial over 1m2f.
The Aga Khan's colt bids to book his place at Epsom when he meets Aidan O'Brien's Scorpion in the Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes.
Tommy Stack's colt Boqa ran above his mark with an excellent third in Sunday's Group 3 Gallinule Stakes and gets a 14lb hike to a mark of 103.
His return to action delayed by a foot injury, Jan Vermeer won the Group 3 Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh 13 days ago by four lengths without being asked to extend himself.