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see railrail,
common name for some members of the large family Rallidae, marsh and tropical forest birds that include the gallinule and the coot, two specialized rails. Rails are cosmopolitan in distribution, except in polar regions.
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(Gallínula), a genus of birds in the order Grui-formes. There are four species: the common gallinule (Gallínula chlowpus) is found in the USSR. Length, approximately 35 cm. Its legs are long, and the beak and tail are short. The back is brownish olive, and the belly gray; there are white lengthwise stripes along the sides. The head is black, with a red spot on the forehead, and the beak is red with a yellow top. Birds of the Gallínula genus are found throughout the world, except Australia.

In the USSR, the common gallinule is found as far north as Leningrad and Omsk and as far east as the Altai. It also nests in Primor’e Krai, Sakhalin Island, and the southern Kuril Islands.

Gallinules are migratory birds and only rarely stay the winterin their nesting grounds. They settle in freshwater, overgrown, grassy bodies of water and build nests in the middle of the waterin rushes or bushes. The female lays six to 12 eggs twice a year.They feed mainly on aquatic invertebrates.

References in periodicals archive ?
Reflecting the greater amount of information on bicycles as opposed to gallinule nests, the a posteriori coefficient of variation of [lambda] was only [sigma]([lambda]|X)/E([lambda]|X) = 11%.
William Hill report plenty of interest in Jan Vermeer and now make Sunday's impressive Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes winner their 11-4 favourite with St Nicholas Abbey out to 3-1 (from 7-4).
But he was back in the winner's enclosure a fortnight later after comfortably landing the odds with a three-length score from stablemate Meekong River in the Group 3 Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh.
He added: "We were really pleased with Jan Vermeer's run in the Gallinule, he showed plenty of pace and came home well despite it being his first run of the season.
On the same card the stable's "dark horse" Kingdom Of Naples runs in the Gallinule Stakes, a trial over 1m2f.
The Aga Khan's colt bids to book his place at Epsom when he meets Aidan O'Brien's Scorpion in the Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes.
The Killarney maiden winner from last July was far from disgraced when third to Beacon Rock in the Group 3 Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh on his first start of the season.
The other major Irish interest tomorrow will be the performance of Ballydoyle colt Adelaide, convincing winner of the Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh, in the King Edward VII Stakes.
There was a lot to like about his win the Group Three Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh last time and stepping back up to 1m4f he can keep the Ballydoyle bandwagon rolling.
There was talk of a possible Classic bid after that win and next Sunday's Gallinule Stakes should tell us much more about Winchester.
RIGHT WING steps up to Group-race company in the Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh today.
Hans Holbein and Kilimanjaro won their trials at Chester and Lingfield with Moore on board, but he has turned down the pair in favour of Giovanni Canaletto, a full-brother to 2013 Derby winner ruler Of The World and who was beaten a neck on his return in the Group 3 Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh last month.