pea

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Related to garden pea: pea plant

pea,

hardy, annual, climbing leguminous plant (Pisum sativum) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), grown for food by humans at least since the early Bronze Age; no longer known in the wild form. It is cultivated everywhere in home gardens and on a large scale commercially for freezing or canning. The round seed, borne in a pod, is a highly nutritious food, having a high protein and fiber content. The pod, too, of the varieties known as sugar peas, can be eaten, and the whole plant is grown for forage; the vines of garden varieties are also used for feeding stock. In New England many gardeners plant them on Apr. 19, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington—hoping to have their first peas by the Fourth of July, when according to traditional use they accompany salmon on the menu. Split peas are obtained from the field pea (var. arvense), grown also for forage and as a green manure. About three quarters of the total world crop of the field pea variety is grown in China; much is used for stock feed. It is believed that peas were long grown only for use as pea meal, dried peas, or forage. Using peas as a green table vegetable began in the late Middle Ages, and the garden varieties were developed subsequently. The garden pea is renowned as the plant with which Gregor Mendel conducted the experiments that initiated the science of genetics. The chickpeachickpea,
annual plant (Cicer arietinum) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), cultivated since antiquity for the somewhat pealike seeds, which are often used as food and forage, principally in India and the Spanish-speaking countries.
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 and the sweet peasweet pea,
annual climbing plant (Lathyrus odoratus) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), a legume native to S Europe but, since its introduction to horticulture c.1700, widely cultivated for its fragrant flowers.
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 belong to different genera. Peas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

pea

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(botany)
Pisum sativum. The garden pea, an annual leafy leguminous vine cultivated for its smooth or wrinkled, round edible seeds which are borne in dehiscent pods.
Any of several related or similar cultivated plants.

pea

1. an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
2. 
a. the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
b. (as modifier): #5pea soup
3. any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
References in periodicals archive ?
Two years after publication of his paper on the garden pea, Mendel was elected abbot of the monastery.
Both own-label French long baguettes and Birds Eye garden peas 907g were out of stock.
Although garden peas, (Pisum sativum) such as English peas, edible podded peas and snow peas are edible, sweet peas (Lathyrus odoratus) are poisonous - especially the flowers and seeds.
Pick garden peas when plump and still green; snap peas just as they plump, but before the peas inside reach full size; and snow peas when the pods reach full size, but the peas inside are quite small.
PEA AND HAM SOUP (serves 4) INGREDIENTS 25g/1oz butter 2 banana shallots, peeled and finely chopped 1 garlic clove, finely diced 350ml/12fl oz ham stock 150ml/5fl oz double cream Salt and freshly ground black pepper 125g/41/2oz shredded ham hock 4 tbsp creme fraiche Small handful baby watercress 2 cans of Batchelors garden peas 2 tbsp extra virgin olive oil METHOD 1.
Choose steak and Marston's ale pie - a hearty slice of shortcrust pastry pie filled with tender pieces of steak in Marston's Pedigree Ale gravy, served with chips, garden peas and extra gravy - PS6.
20 Chosen By You garden peas in water 550g), 55p Smartprice long grain rice (1kg), 40p 8 Chosen By You large poppadoms65g), PS1 ToTAl: PS3.
20 Chosen By You garden peas in water (550g), 55p Smartprice long grain rice (1kg), 40p 8 Chosen By You large poppadoms (65g), PS1 TOTAL: PS3.
This is one substantial (and quite satisfying) serving of tossed roasted butternut squash, beets, kale, red cabbage, steamed broccoli florets and garden peas with lemon tahini dressing.
Out of the corner of my eye, There I spy, Some of my lovely garden peas.
3% rise, and frozen garden peas have increased by 4.
52kg pack of Field Fresh Garden Peas (rsp: [pounds sterling]2.