air embolism

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Related to gas embolism: nitrogen embolism

air embolism:

see embolusembolus
, foreign matter circulating in and obstructing a blood vessel. It may be a portion of a clot that has separated from the wall of a vessel (see thrombosis), a bubble of gas or air (known as an air embolus), a globule of fat, a clump of bacterial matter, or a clump of
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.

air embolism

[¦er ′em·bə‚liz·əm]
(medicine)
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References in periodicals archive ?
None of the complications like subcutaneous emphysema, minor and major vascular injury, gas embolism and injury to internal structures like bowel or bladder during abdominal entry was reported.
For arterial gas embolism, hyperbaric oxygen is the treatment of choice, as soon as cardiopulmonary stabilization has been achieved.
Iatrogenic gas embolism after use of hydrogen peroxide in the treatment of lung hydatid cyst: a report of 2 cases].
It pierced a major vein which led to a fatal gas embolism, massive blood loss and cardiac arrest, an inquest was told.
An official cause of death was not given, but it is thought a provisional cause of death may be a gas embolism.
9 ATA), which is the standard treatment used for the initial presentation of cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE) related to self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving accidents.
The top three injuries identified were; asphyxia (33%), arterial gas embolism (29%) and cardiovascular disease (26%) accounting for 88% of the total fatalities.
But of more interest to the physician will be: "Decompression Illness" that covers the classification of decompression sickness, signs and symptoms, cerebral arterial gas embolism, first aid, predisposing factors, flying after diving, referral, and recompression therapy.
In carbon monoxide poisoning, decompression sickness and smoke inhalation, the added oxygen returns the mix of blood gases to normal; whereas in an air or gas embolism the higher pressure bursts the bubble obstructing a blood vessel and normal blood flow is restored.
Virginia Commonwealth University Professor of Anesthesiology and Emergency Medicine, Director of Research (Anesthesiology) and Director of VCURES said, "These grants will allow us to expand upon the previous studies which showed that early intervention with Oxycyte can prevent the destruction of nerve cells, brain tissue in a number of conditions including decompression illness and gas embolism.
Systemic gas embolism during endobronchial laser treatment has been previously reported with poor outcomes and significant mortality.
Arterial gas embolism may occur as a complication of diving or certain medical procedures.