and stiffness of the medial gastrocnemius
muscle (MG) characteristics
For sEMG reproducibility, SENIAM recommendations (13) were followed for electrodes application on Tibialis Anterior (TA), Peroneus Longus (PL), Rectus Femoris (RF), Biceps Femoris (BF), Gastrocnemius
Medialis (GM), Soleus (SOL).
muscle was thawed and homogenized with 5 mmol/1 Tris-HCl.
Persons with spinal cord injury (complete and incomplete) have demonstrated the ability to increase weight-bearing capacity of lower-limb extensors through body weight-supported treadmill training, in addition to increasing appropriate gastrocnemius
and decreasing inappropriate tibialis anterior (TA) activation .
Examined muscles of upper and lower extremity Proximal muscles Distal muscles Deltoid- medial head Brachioradialis Biceps brachii Flexor carpi radialis Triceps Extansor digitorum communis Iliopsoas Flexor carpi ulnaris Tensor facia lata First dorsal interossous Rectus femoris Tibialis anterior Vastus lateralis Peroneus longus Vastus medialis Gastrocnemius
medial head Table 2.
Specifically, muscle activation patterns were assessed bilaterally for the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior, and lateral head of the gastrocnemius
In the unblinded trial favouring HVLIA published by Toftdahl et al, two of 40 patients (5%) with a postoperative HVLIA catheter developed serious infection requiring change of component in one patient and a gastrocnemius
flap and skin grafting in the other case (23).
They tested their hypothesis using ultrasound imaging to measure and compare the lengths of gastrocnemius
muscle fibers-the large calf muscles-in all four groups-the Agta, Manobo, Twa and Bakiga.
The inconsistencies include incorrect anatomic avian terminology (such as zygomatic arch, abdomen, sciatic nerve, gastrocnemius
tendon, and more), some illustration errors (including inaccurate anatomy, labels pointing to the wrong organ, the picture not correlating with the description in the text), and several drug doses listed in the text not matching those in the "Formulary.
muscle stiffness and human balance stability, Mechanika 6(80): 18-22.
Interestingly they also had higher levels of these biochemicals in their gastrocnemius
muscles, which were used as a control.
61) Williams et al propose that this places the lateral gastrocnemius
more anteriorly and the medial head of the gastrocnemius