gastrocnemius


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gastrocnemius

[ga‚sträk′nē·mē·əs]
(anatomy)
A large muscle of the posterior aspect of the leg, arising by two heads from the posterior surfaces of the lateral and medial condyles of the femur, and inserted with the soleus muscle into the calcaneal tendon, and through this into the back of the calcaneus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Surface electromyographic signals (sEMG) of lateral gastrocnemius muscle were also recorded synchronously with the torque and angle data to ensure that no undesirable activation occurred during the stretching protocol.
On the other hand, there were significant improvements in all post-treatment scores for lower extremity MAS, TUG, GMFM (in all dimensions and total score), total and motor WeeFIM, USG compressibility ratio of spastic gastrocnemius muscle, most subparts of child self-report-PedsQL (daily activities, school activities, movement and balance, pain and injury, eating activities subparts), and parent proxy-report-PedsQL (daily activities, movement and balance, school activities, pain and injury, fatigue subparts) in the aquatic exercise group (Tables 3 and 4).
Coactivation of quadriceps and gastrocnemius is reported during parallel and deep squats in context with closed kinetic chain exercises (4, 9, 19).
A minimal dissection with flexion at the knee can keep the gastrocnemius relaxed, which is essential to reduce all the components of the fracture.
Maximum heel rise height was negatively correlated to Achilles tendon length to the gastrocnemius for both groups combined (R = -0.
With the difference in muscle activation at time IR between the evaluated sessions, it was verified an increase in stimulation with 10 hippotherapy sessions, regardless of whether they were conducted once or twice a week, which was significant for the muscles gluteus medius, tensor fascia latae, rectus femoris and gastrocnemius in DG, and gluteus medius and tensor fascia latae in HG.
The most recently injured LBP group, on the other hand, had the same percentage of participants as the "Healthy" group developing fatigue in the erector spinae muscles (70%), but showed the lowest percentage of fatigue development for gastrocnemius and rectus femoris.
A decision was taken to perform three flap reconstructions (medial gastrocnemius flap, split TA flap and the distally based soleus flap) in conjunction with one another owing to the extensive bone exposure.
The popliteal artery, which runs along the posterior joint capsule and may pass through the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle, should be preserved during separation of the gastrocnemius muscle from the joint capsule.
Leg measurements taken immediately distal to the left and right stifle joints, in the area of the anterior tibialis and gastrocnemius muscles, revealed circumferences of 17 cm and 21 cm, respectively.
The soleus muscle thickness (MT) was measured with a real-time B-mode ultrasonography using a linear array 11-MHz ultra-sound probe (Logiq Book XP, General Electric[TM], USA) positioned perpendicularly to the calcaneous tendon 2 cm below the medial and lateral gastrocnemius bellies.