gastrocnemius


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gastrocnemius

[ga‚sträk′nē·mē·əs]
(anatomy)
A large muscle of the posterior aspect of the leg, arising by two heads from the posterior surfaces of the lateral and medial condyles of the femur, and inserted with the soleus muscle into the calcaneal tendon, and through this into the back of the calcaneus.
References in periodicals archive ?
For sEMG reproducibility, SENIAM recommendations (13) were followed for electrodes application on Tibialis Anterior (TA), Peroneus Longus (PL), Rectus Femoris (RF), Biceps Femoris (BF), Gastrocnemius Medialis (GM), Soleus (SOL).
Persons with spinal cord injury (complete and incomplete) have demonstrated the ability to increase weight-bearing capacity of lower-limb extensors through body weight-supported treadmill training, in addition to increasing appropriate gastrocnemius and decreasing inappropriate tibialis anterior (TA) activation [4].
Examined muscles of upper and lower extremity Proximal muscles Distal muscles Deltoid- medial head Brachioradialis Biceps brachii Flexor carpi radialis Triceps Extansor digitorum communis Iliopsoas Flexor carpi ulnaris Tensor facia lata First dorsal interossous Rectus femoris Tibialis anterior Vastus lateralis Peroneus longus Vastus medialis Gastrocnemius medial head Table 2.
Specifically, muscle activation patterns were assessed bilaterally for the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior, and lateral head of the gastrocnemius.
In the unblinded trial favouring HVLIA published by Toftdahl et al, two of 40 patients (5%) with a postoperative HVLIA catheter developed serious infection requiring change of component in one patient and a gastrocnemius flap and skin grafting in the other case (23).
They tested their hypothesis using ultrasound imaging to measure and compare the lengths of gastrocnemius muscle fibers-the large calf muscles-in all four groups-the Agta, Manobo, Twa and Bakiga.
The inconsistencies include incorrect anatomic avian terminology (such as zygomatic arch, abdomen, sciatic nerve, gastrocnemius tendon, and more), some illustration errors (including inaccurate anatomy, labels pointing to the wrong organ, the picture not correlating with the description in the text), and several drug doses listed in the text not matching those in the "Formulary.
Interestingly they also had higher levels of these biochemicals in their gastrocnemius muscles, which were used as a control.
61) Williams et al propose that this places the lateral gastrocnemius more anteriorly and the medial head of the gastrocnemius more posteriorly.