Endoscopy

(redirected from gastrointestinal endoscopy)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Endoscopy

 

examination by means of an optical instrument, or endoscope, of hollow organs (for example, the esophagus— esophagoscopy) and body cavities (for example, the abdominal cavity—laparoscopy). Endoscopes are introduced through natural openings (as in bronchoscopy, proctoscopy, or cystoscopy) or through surgical incisions (as in mediastinoscopy). Endoscopy is performed under local or general anesthesia.

The first attempts to examine the urinary bladder and other hollow organs were made as early as the 19th century, but the inadequacy of the endoscopes limited development of the procedures. The possibilities of endoscopy have greatly increased since the second half of the 20th century, with the development of glass-fiber light guides and of instruments of fiber optics based on such light guides. Examination of almost all organs has become possible, and the illumination of the examined object has increased. Conditions for photographing and filming (endophotography and endocinematography) have improved, and it is now possible to make monochromatic and color videotape recordings (modifications of standard cameras and motion-picture cameras are used).

Documentation of the results of endoscopic examination have made possible objective study of the dynamics of pathological processes occurring in any organ. Modern endoscopy plays a special role in diagnosing the early stages of many diseases. The procedure is often combined with endoscopic biopsy, therapeutic measures, and catheterization. Endoscopic offices and departments have been established in many large medical institutions, and some physicians now specialize in endoscopy.

REFERENCES

Lukomskii, G. I., and Iu. E. Berezov. Endoskopicheskaia tekhnika v khirurgii. Moscow, 1967.
Loginov, A. S. Laparoskopiia v klinike vnutrennikh boleznei. Moscow, 1969.
Sokolov, L. K. Atlas endoskopii zheludka i dvenadtsatiperstnoi kishki. Moscow, 1975.

V. I. FEDCHENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
We should also strive to find better non-invasive procedures either alone or in combination so that esophageal varices may be diagnosed accurately when upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is not readily available.
The study participants were all patients who underwent complete upper gastrointestinal endoscopy during the study period January 2000-December 2010.
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for screening purposes in each patient with liver cirrhosis is not feasible in developing countries.
Age is not a discriminating factor for outcomes of therapeutic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
All other gastrointestinal endoscopy patients on those days in the same procedure rooms have been cleared of Hepatitis C.
Although CT scan of the neck and chest, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and laryngoscopy were performed twice in our case, they showed only a renal tumour.
Two weeks before the patient had an episode of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and underwent an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with hemostasis and biopsy of a 2cm duodenal polyp, which revealed Brunner's gland hyperplasia.
In guidelines, the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy is suggesting that blacks begin colonoscopy screening at age 45.
The study appears in the June issue of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE).
Interventional and therapeutic gastrointestinal endoscopy.
Cleaning and disinfection of equipment for gastrointestinal endoscopy.
A wide spectrum of practice in sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy in adult patients is documented overseas but a current profile of the practice of Australian anaesthetists is unavailable.

Full browser ?