gaucho

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gaucho

(gou`chō), cowboy of the Argentine and Uruguayan pampaspampas
, wide, flat, grassy plains of temperate S South America, c.300,000 sq mi (777,000 sq km), particularly in Argentina and extending into Uruguay. Although the region gradually rises to the west, it appears mostly level. Precipitation decreases from east to west.
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 (grasslands). The typical gaucho, a familiar figure in the 18th and 19th cent., was a daring, skillful horseman and plainsman. As fighters, revolutionary soldiers, and campaigners in frequent internal struggles, they played a significant role in national life. They were an especially strong political force in the early years of the Argentine republic. Gaucho support of the federalists was instrumental in overthrowing the government of Juan Martín de Pueyrredón and in bringing to power such caudilloscaudillo
, [Span.,= military strongman], type of South American political leader that arose with the 19th-century wars of independence. The first caudillos were often generals who, leading private armies, used their military might to achieve power in the newly independent states.
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 as Juan Facundo QuirogaQuiroga, Juan Facundo
, 1790–1835, Argentine caudillo. One of the most brutal of the early gaucho chieftains, he was called el tigre de los llanos (the tiger of the plains).
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 and Juan Manuel de RosasRosas, Juan Manuel de
, 1793–1877, Argentine dictator, governor of Buenos Aires prov. (1829–32, 1835–52). As a boy he served under Jacques de Liniers against the British invaders of the Rio de la Plata (1806–7).
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. The immigration of large numbers of European farmers to the Pampa in the late 19th cent. marked the beginning of the gaucho's gradual disappearance. The payador, a wandering minstrel of the plain, was a type of gaucho. An extensive gaucho literature was developed in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil. Most notable are the epic poems Martín Fierro (1872) and La Vuelta de Martín Fierro (1879), by Argentine José HernándezHernández, José
, 1834–86, Argentine poet, journalist, and soldier. Hernández lived in the pampas as a child. He was the author of the national classic of gaucho literature, Martín Fierro (1872), and its sequel,
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, and the novel Don Segundo Sombra (1926), by Argentine Ricardo GüiraldesGüiraldes, Ricardo
, 1886–1927, Argentine writer. He spent his boyhood on a ranch where he learned the ways of the gauchos, later traveling to Europe. In his novels and short stories he applied postmodernist techniques to Argentine regional themes.
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. Rural inhabitants of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil are also called gaúchos.

Gaucho

 

an ethnic group created in the 16th and 17th centuries from marriages between Spaniards and Indian women in Argentina and Uruguay. They originally led a migratory way of life, engaging in smuggling and the rustling and reselling of cattle. In the late 18th century they began to take jobs as herdsmen on cattle ranches. The Gauchos took an active part in the War for Independence of the Spanish Colonies in America (1810-26) and subsequent civil wars. The idealized romantic image of the freedom-loving Gaucho came into Latin American literature during the 19th century. The descendants of the Gauchos became part of the Argentine nation (natsiia, nation in the historical sense), and most of them work as laborers on the large landowners’ farms and ranches.

References in periodicals archive ?
The unlimited Rodizio menu at Espeto Gaucho starts at RO8++ (vegetarian), RO10++(chicken & lamb cuts), 14++(chicken, lamb & beef cuts) and served alongside fresh seasonal salads, starters and soups.
Cameron Newell provided the Gauchos with their only offense of the game in the bottom of the fourth.
In San Antonio de Areco, a bastion of Argentine gaucho culture outside the capital of Buenos Aires, the 33-year-old Tatta is known as ''the horse whisperer.
It seemed that from nowhere they came, their Gaucho jackets flying
El argumento de Aizenberg de que Los gauchos judios es un texto complejo sirve como punto de partida para el presente ensayo.
Ate a primeira metade da decada de 1990 havia uma carencia de Programas de Pos-Graduacao em Comunicacao na regiao Sul do pais, o que levou os pesquisadores gauchos interessados nos estudos de cinema a buscarem formacao fora da sua regiao e do seu Estado, em uma instituicao que ja havia criado uma tradicao de pesquisa na area, a Escola de Comunicacao e Artes (ECA), da Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP).
In overtime, the Gauchos (22-9) led by three points but Haynes drilled a 3-pointer from the left corner to tie the score at 47-47 with 1:14 remaining.
LEARN how to be a husky musher in Finland or a gaucho in Argentina on one of 13 trips launched by The Adventure Company.
The Gaucho revolvers were both coltish and Colt-ish means young and new to the world, and playful.
The more open society of Los Llanos facilitated a vertical alliance of landowners and gauchos.
Further testimonial to Penta's capabilities, head coach of the University of California, Santa Barbara's Gauchos women's volleyball team, Kathy Gregory, added, "Penta carried us through each and every practice especially during the NCAA tournament where we were exposed to extremely stressful conditions.
Entretanto, os filmes gauchos muitas vezes eram perseguidos por esses criticos, que os consideravam ruins e amadores.