gauge boson


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gauge boson

[′gāj ‚bō‚sän]
(physics)
A massless spin-1 particle, such as the photon and gluons, whose existence is required by gauge invariance in a gauge theory; such particles can acquire mass through spontaneous symmetry breaking, as in the case of intermediate vector bosons. Also known as gauge particle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hedge boson force is incompatible to gauge boson force field.
At zero temperature or extremely high pressure, gauge boson force field undergoes a quantum space phase transition to "hedge boson force field", consisting of a vacuum core surrounded by a hedge boson shell, like a bubble with boundary.
5 on the logarithmic scale and it becomes clear that this range and as well as the masses of the electron, muon, pion and gauge bosons are in proximity of the zeros of the above considered sine function (see Figure 4).
2] and included additionally the gauge bosons due to their special importance (78 particles altogether).
Based on Table 3, Figure 3 shows the distribution of mesons, but Figure 4 shows the distribution of baryons, mesons, leptons and gauge bosons over the 1/4 logarithmic S-intervals in the range of 0 to 12 logarithmic units.
He chronologically traces the history of the science in order to give readers a basic understanding of lepton, quarks, and gauge bosons, the elementary building blocks underlying atomic structure.
BEYOND THE NANOWORLD: Quarks, Leptons, and Gauge Bosons