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large wild ox of Southeast Asia, having a humplike ridge on the back. The gaur, Bos gaurus, is thought to be the largest of the wild cattle; the bulls may measure more than 6 ft (1.8 m) at the shoulder and weigh more than a ton.
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(Bibos gaurus frontalis), the domesticated form of the gaur, a wild ox; it is distinguished from the gaur by the shape of its horns and its smaller dimensions. It has a very wide forehead with thick conical horns, and its build is coarse. Body length of the adult male is approximately 3 m; height at the withers, 1.5-1.6 m; weight, up to 540 kg. The gayal is deep black, often with bluish tones. The legs and the tuft on the tail are white. The cow gives birth to a single calf; gestation lasts 8-9 months. The gayal’s milk is rich in fat, and its meat is exceptionally tasty. The gayal is bred “pure” and crossbred in India east of the Brahmaputra to Burma. Hybrids are very fertile.