gayal


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Related to gayal: Bos frontalis

gayal:

see gaurgaur,
large wild ox of Southeast Asia, having a humplike ridge on the back. The gaur, Bos gaurus, is thought to be the largest of the wild cattle; the bulls may measure more than 6 ft (1.8 m) at the shoulder and weigh more than a ton.
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Gayal

 

(Bibos gaurus frontalis), the domesticated form of the gaur, a wild ox; it is distinguished from the gaur by the shape of its horns and its smaller dimensions. It has a very wide forehead with thick conical horns, and its build is coarse. Body length of the adult male is approximately 3 m; height at the withers, 1.5-1.6 m; weight, up to 540 kg. The gayal is deep black, often with bluish tones. The legs and the tuft on the tail are white. The cow gives birth to a single calf; gestation lasts 8-9 months. The gayal’s milk is rich in fat, and its meat is exceptionally tasty. The gayal is bred “pure” and crossbred in India east of the Brahmaputra to Burma. Hybrids are very fertile.

References in periodicals archive ?
The PCA results clustered the RC and ND as one population, whereas the gayal population was observed as a separate cluster (Figure 1).
Genetic diversity and origin of Gayal and cattle in Yunnan revealed by mtDNA control region and SRY gene sequence variation.
Molecular phylogeny of the gayal inferred from the analysis of cytochrome b gene entire sequences.
Effective tools have to conserve genetic potential of endangered species gayal as well as learning about it in a scientific manner.
So far studies reported physical feature, physiological characters, behavior, growth pattern and reproductive potentials of gayal under semi-intensive management system (Giasuddin et al.
KARYOTYPIC AND PHYLOGENETIC STUDIES REVEAL THE ORIGIN OF GAYAL
Many animal taxonomists once mistook gayal as a domesticated type of Indian gaur because of their similar appearance (Ma et al.
The results suggest that the gayal might have close relationships with Bos taurus, Bos indicus and Bos gaurus.
The second and third embranchments close clustered with Bos taurus and Bos indicus, respectively, which suggested that the gayal might contain a maternal origin of Bos taurus or Bos indicus.
1984) proposed that the gaur was the wild ancestor of the gayal according to karyotype, red blood cells and haemoglobin type.
Based on the sequence analyses and phylogenetic analyses, we think that the gayal might be the domesticated Figure 2.
Comparison of gayal (Bos frontalis) and Yunnan yellow cattle (Bos taurus): rumen function, digestibilities and nitrogen balance during feeding of pelleted lucerne (Medicago sativum).