Almost all consonants in Livonian can be geminates
, and are thus divided between two syllables.
Non-initial syllables that do not contain a diphthong or end with geminate
or consonant cluster are of the first duration (long vowel occurs in original words only in positions of main stress).
The -n is geminate
except before the -n initial suffixes -ni 'me' and -na 'us'.
The first type of consonant combination is called sequence and that of the second type is called geminate
Careful analysis of the data shows that consonant deletion will occur when there is a geminate
5) Nevertheless, while geminates
may in some cases derive historically from reduplication, (6) there are many instances where the origin of gemination is to be sought elsewhere.
The reason for /m/ occurring in coda position is that consonant sequence or geminates
cannot occur in the syllable onset position.
m n l/) may be found as geminates
, but only in word-medial position, e.
The stings of other ants, including the widespread tropical fire ant, Solenopsis geminates
(Fabricius), do not produce pustules.
The author further observes that "[t]he central and southern Italian dialects (including Standard Italian) have both geminates
and long vowels.
Preaspiration effectively eliminates aspirated geminates
, while non-aspirated geminates
are commonplace (Johannesson 1932), e.
given the fact that this is--beside the opposition of original full-length geminates
and late shorter geminates
that is likewise disappearing--the only opposition related to stops that has to do with quantity difference only" (Laanest 1986 : 37).