gender role


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gender role

the social expectations arising from conceptions surrounding GENDER and the behavioural expression of these, including forms of speech, mannerisms, demeanour, dress and gesture (see also GENDER IDENTITY). Masculine and feminine ideas are often deemed to be mutually exclusive, and in some societies the role behaviours may be polarized, e.g. the equation of passivity with the feminine role, and activity with the masculine role. Prescriptions concerning gender role behaviour are particularly apparent in the sexual division of labour in male and female work situations (see also DUAL LABOUR MARKET).
References in periodicals archive ?
Special Issue: Summarizing twenty-five years of research on men's gender role conflict using the Gender Role Conflict Scale: New research paradigms and clinical implications.
Global research has demonstrated that gender role identity or sex role orientation is associated with leader emergence (Dorbrzynski, 1996; Fagenson, 1990; Goktepe and Schneier, 1989; Guy, 1992; Kent and Moss, 1994; Rosener, 1995; Brewer, Metcell and Weber, 2002; Bosak and Sczesny, 2008) and specifically leadership and masculinity are closely linked (Alvesson and Billing, 2000; Powell, Butterfield and Parent, 2002).
On the other hand, feminine gender role has a strong positive correlation with agreeableness (Marusic & Bratko, 1998).
However, formation of gender role attitude on the basis of sex and the ideology of gender differences with the foundation of egalitarian and traditional role of the male and female are not analysed yet.
The development of a Gender Role Inventory (Social Role Scale) for Indian Adolescents was hence considered to be essential.
Hypothesis 1: Parents who hold more traditional gender role attitudes are less likely to have aspiration of higher education for their children.
The responses are evaluated using a Likert-type scale and scored from 1 to 4; the higher the global score obtained is, the more positive the respondent's attitude toward gender role equality is.
Put simply, the cognitive connection between gender role attitudes and support for or opposition to legal abortion may simply not be apparent to many people to whom the issue does not seem particularly important.
This allowed us to provide the participant with information about the gender and gender role of his (bogus) competitor.
An expectant mother who chooses to find out her child's sex before birth may be giving subtle clues about her views on proper gender roles, suggests a study from Ohio State University, Columbus, which found that women who choose not to learn their child's sex may be more open to new experiences and combine egalitarian views about the roles of men and women in society with conscientiousness.
The Bem Sex Role Index (BSRI) and the classification of gender role into four types (Bem 1981a), labeled as masculine, feminine, androgynous, and undifferentiated, has been widely applied in much psychological and personality research.