Knowledge of gender roles
in the relatively gender-neutral environment of the laboratory changed the participants' perceptions of gender roles
, but in the real world where there are more cues to gender role
, such cues are likely coloring the judgments of behaviors in all situations.
These results indicate that gender role
programming for urban adolescent boys can be successfully implemented.
So the worry among young people who say not much has changed is that as the question of sexual orientation becomes less an issue for some, what remains intact is a version of the strict male and female gender roles
that today define who thinks, feels, and acts straight enough to be acceptable.
between masculine gender role
conflict and men's expectations from
conflict has been established through previous research to be related to low self-esteem, lower intimacy, anxiety, depression, relationship dissatisfaction, sexual aggression and hostility toward women, and negative attitudes toward homosexuals among college-age men (O'Neil, Good, & Holmes, 1995).
1) was measured using this single statement, addressed separately based on masculine and feminine gender role
5) For the gender role
attitude scale, 12 questions of the original 30-question scale were used.
In addition, according to Kolbe and Voie (1981), children's books are not the only influence on children's gender-role attitudes; nonetheless, they can play an important role in eliminating sexism by presenting egalitarian gender roles
The last pattern of gender role
conflict identified by O'Neil was homophobia.
The last four articles included in this issue investigate similar themes regarding gender roles
and role perceptions, interrole tension, and sanctification of work through a sense of calling.
A second purpose of the present study was to compare the extent to which anatomical sex and gender role
orientation predict level of fandom.
There is ample evidence to suggest that traditional gender role
characteristics are a result of widely practiced socialization patterns (Eagly, Wood, & Diekman, 2000).