gender role


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gender role

the social expectations arising from conceptions surrounding GENDER and the behavioural expression of these, including forms of speech, mannerisms, demeanour, dress and gesture (see also GENDER IDENTITY). Masculine and feminine ideas are often deemed to be mutually exclusive, and in some societies the role behaviours may be polarized, e.g. the equation of passivity with the feminine role, and activity with the masculine role. Prescriptions concerning gender role behaviour are particularly apparent in the sexual division of labour in male and female work situations (see also DUAL LABOUR MARKET).
References in periodicals archive ?
Knowledge of gender roles in the relatively gender-neutral environment of the laboratory changed the participants' perceptions of gender roles, but in the real world where there are more cues to gender role, such cues are likely coloring the judgments of behaviors in all situations.
These results indicate that gender role programming for urban adolescent boys can be successfully implemented.
So the worry among young people who say not much has changed is that as the question of sexual orientation becomes less an issue for some, what remains intact is a version of the strict male and female gender roles that today define who thinks, feels, and acts straight enough to be acceptable.
Gender role conflict has been established through previous research to be related to low self-esteem, lower intimacy, anxiety, depression, relationship dissatisfaction, sexual aggression and hostility toward women, and negative attitudes toward homosexuals among college-age men (O'Neil, Good, & Holmes, 1995).
1) was measured using this single statement, addressed separately based on masculine and feminine gender role interests.
5) For the gender role attitude scale, 12 questions of the original 30-question scale were used.
In addition, according to Kolbe and Voie (1981), children's books are not the only influence on children's gender-role attitudes; nonetheless, they can play an important role in eliminating sexism by presenting egalitarian gender roles.
The last pattern of gender role conflict identified by O'Neil was homophobia.
The last four articles included in this issue investigate similar themes regarding gender roles and role perceptions, interrole tension, and sanctification of work through a sense of calling.
A second purpose of the present study was to compare the extent to which anatomical sex and gender role orientation predict level of fandom.
There is ample evidence to suggest that traditional gender role characteristics are a result of widely practiced socialization patterns (Eagly, Wood, & Diekman, 2000).