genetic fingerprinting


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genetic fingerprinting

[jə¦ned·ik ′fiŋ·gər‚print·iŋ]
(forensic science)
A forensic identification technique that enables virtually 100% discrimination between individuals from small samples of blood or semen, using probes for hypervariable minisatellite deoxyribonucleic acid. Also known as DNA fingerprinting.
(cell and molecular biology)
Identification of chemical entities in animal tissues as indicative of the presence of specific genes.
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References in periodicals archive ?
They now are honing their skills in a series of DNA test runs in preparation for the day, within a year, that they will begin genetic fingerprinting in earnest.
The Northern Ireland Office indicates it does not plan to use PCR with genetic fingerprinting, and if suspects are not willing to submit to a swab, it's highly unlikely they will accommodate a request for a saliva sample.
Watson staunchly supports virtually all lines of DNA research, including controversial ones such as genetic modification of crops and genetic fingerprinting.
THE inventor of genetic fingerprinting, Sir Alec Jeffreys, said yesterday that he supported a database of identifying DNA for every British citizen.
Also on This Day: 1687: Death of Nell Gwynn, mistress of King Charles II, aged 37; 1835: Texas declared its independence of Mexico; 1851: A telegraphic service between London and Paris was started; 1912: Birth of French playwright Eugene Ionesco; 1914: The brassiere patented in the United States by heiress Mary Phelps Jacob; 1936: Edward VIII told Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin he intended to marry twice-divorced Mrs Simpson; 1947: Hugh Dalton, Chancellor of the Exchequer, resigned after admitting he had disclosed tax proposals to a reporter minutes before he presented the Budget; 1987: The first criminal conviction based on genetic fingerprinting led to a rapist being sentenced to eight years at Bristol Crown Court.
Strachan, who works for USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service in Beltsville, had been working with Cregan on a cooperative project to develop a genetic fingerprinting system that can be transferred to private industry.
Since DNA played a major part in the double-murder trial and Wambaugh wrote the book on the first murder case to be resolved by use of the so-called genetic fingerprinting, ``The Blooding'' in 1989, it's not surprising that aspects of the Simpson trial get mentioned.
British geneticist Jeffreys hit on genetic fingerprinting while studying DNA.
Prof Sir Alec Jeffreys, who discovered genetic fingerprinting, has backed the controversial idea to keep a DNA database of every single person.
Genetic fingerprinting tests on evidence gathered at the time said there was only a one-in-a-billion chance that he was innocent.