geranyl


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geranyl

[jə′ran·əl]
(organic chemistry)
C10H17 The functional group from geraniol, (CH3)2:CHCH2CH2·CHCH3:CH·CH2OH.
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1998) Ozonolysis at Vegetation Surfaces: A Source of Acetone, 4-Oxopentanal, 6-Methyl-5-Hepten-2-One, and Geranyl Acetone in the Troposphere, Atmospheric Environment, 32, 1893-1902.
This led the search to previously unrecognized enzymes, which the researchers demonstrated were required in the biosynthesis of various rose-scent chemicals, among them geranyl acetate and germacrene D.
The main constituents found in the essential oils of the studied Asteraceae species were bisabolol oxide A, bisabolone oxide A, (Z)-en-yne-dicycloether, bisabolol oxide B, [alpha]-bisabolol, and chamazulene in the essential oil of Chamomilla recutita; (Z)-en-yne-dicycloether, geranyl isovalerate, and (E)-[beta]-farnesene in C.
They include organic acids (acetic, benzoic, cinnamic and phenylacetic); alcohols (benzyl alcohol, borneol, cinnamyl alcohol, citronellol, geraniol, linalool, menthol, phenylethyl alcohol and terpineol); aldehydes (anisic aldehyde, cinnamic aldehyde, benzaldehyde, citral, piperonal or heliotropin, salicylic aldehyde and vanillin); ketones (carvones, camphor, thujone, pulegone, etc; esters such as bornyl acetate, methyl salicylate, benzyl benzoate, geranyl acetate and linalyl acetate); phenols (thymol, carvacrol and chavicol); phenol ethers (anethol, eugenol and safrol) and many other more complex compounds such as coumarin and indol.
But, others minor in straw; nonanal, camphor, 2,4-dodecadienal, 4-terpineol, [beta]-fenchyl alcohol, acetoxy acetic acid, 4-pentadecyl ester, geraniol, geranyl acetate, 2-decen-1-ol, anethole, 2-dodecenal, 1-nonanal, (2E)2-hexenyl laurate, 1-hexadecanol, 13-heptadecyn-1-ol, 2-octadecanone, hexa hydrofarnesyl acetone, acetoxyacetic acid, 3pentadecyl ester, 1-tetradecanol and methyl 10-octadecenoate were the highest under Giza conditions region.
Essential oil of the plant, composed mainly of contains caryophyllene P, citronellal, geraniol, geranyl acetate, linalool, neral, nerol,, thymol, carvacrol and ursolic acid, is responsible for some of these effects [8].
The monoterpene: ([+ or -])-[beta]-citronellol, ([+ or -])-citronellal, (-)-[alpha]-pinene, (-)-[beta]-pinene, [alpha]-terpinene, [gamma]-terpinene, [alpha]-terpineol, 1,8-cineole, citral, thymol, carvacrol, [alpha]+[beta]-thujone, camphene, ([+ or -])-camphor, (-)-borneol, p-cymene, myrcene, menthone, ([+ or -])menthol, geraniol, geranyl acetate, linalool, linalyl acetate, (R)-(-)-[alpha]-phellandrene, estragole, (R)-(-)-carvon, limonene showed potent phytotoxic activity and these compounds could be used both as potential bio-herbicides and lead structures for the development of new, potentially safe and ecocompatible pesticides (Martino et al.
Cytotoxic effects of new geranyl chalcone derivatives isolated from the leaves of Artocarpus communis in SW 872 human liposarcoma cells.
Our results revealed that there is 82% oxygenated monoterpenes (rosefuran, linalool, citronellal, isogeranial, rosefuran epoxide, neral, geranial, methyl geranate, geranyl acetate), 3.
Classes of oil components in various fertilizer treatments revealed that oxygenated monoterpenes (rosefuran, linalool, citronellal, isogeranial, rosefuran epoxide, neral, geranial, methyl geranate, geranyl acetate) constituted the highest level of components (73.
americanus WULFF lacked [beta]-asarone, but it has high amount of geranyl acetate (Wagner et al.
Other E0s, containing ketones or esters, such as [beta]-myrcene, [alpha]-thujone or geranyl acetate had much weaker activity.