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panda,

name for two nocturnal Asian mammals of the order Carnivora: the red panda, Ailurus fulgens, and the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca.

The red panda, also known as lesser panda and cat bear, is found at high elevations in the Himalayas and the mountains of W China and N Myanmar. It resembles a raccoon but has a longer body and tail and a more rounded head. It is about 3.5 ft (105 cm) in total length and weighs about 12 lb (5.5 kg). The very thick fur is rust color to deep chestnut, with black on the under parts, limbs, and ears; there are dark eye patches on the white face. The red panda spends much of its time in trees but feeds on the ground, eating primarily bamboo leaves but also fruit, roots, and other plant matter. It is the sole member of the family Ailuridae.

The giant panda superficially resembles a bear, but its classification has been disputed; genetic research, however, indicates it is related to the bears, family Ursidae. The body is chiefly white, and the limbs are brownish black, with the dark color extending up over the shoulder. The ears and eye patches are black. Adults weigh from 200 to 300 lb (90–140 kg) and are from 4.5 to 5 ft (140–150 cm) long with a 5-in. (13-cm) tail. Giant pandas live in restricted areas of the high mountain bamboo forests of central China; their diet consists almost entirely of bamboo shoots. Rare in the wild, they breed poorly in captivity, but using artificial insemination and techniques designed to enable a female panda to raise twins, Chinese scientists have greatly improved the reproduction rate of captive pandas. Giant pandas are protected by law in China.

Pandas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, families Ailuridae and Ursidae.

Bibliography

See E. B. Schaller et al., The Giant Pandas of Wolong (1985); D. MacClintock, Red Pandas (1988).

panda

[′pan·də]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two Asian species of carnivores in the family Procyonidae; the red panda (Ailurus fulgens) has long, thick, red fur, with black legs; the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is white, with black legs and black patches around the eyes.

panda

1. a large black-and-white herbivorous bearlike mammal, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, related to the raccoons and inhabiting the high mountain bamboo forests of China: family Procyonidae
2. lesser or red panda a closely related smaller animal resembling a raccoon, Ailurus fulgens, of the mountain forests of S Asia, having a reddish-brown coat and ringed tail

Panda

(1) A family of security software from Panda Security, Bilbao, Spain (www.pandasecurity.com). Among other products, it offers a cloud-based antivirus program that collects malware data from all of its users that are passed on to the rest of the Panda community within a few minutes. See antivirus.

(2) A periodic set of changes to the Google search algorithm. See Google algorithm.

(3) (Panda Project) See Archistrat computer.
References in periodicals archive ?
The post Giant panda gives birth to twin cubs at Toronto Zoo appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
MGM Resorts is proud to join Pandas International's efforts to protect giant pandas, including those in China facing this most recent outbreak," said Jim Murren, Chairman and CEO of MGM Resorts International.
She was also inseminated with fresh semen from the zoo's male giant panda Tian Tian.
Iain Valentine, director of giant pandas for the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, said: "Scientific data does suggest Tian Tian has conceived, however this is not pregnancy.
The reserve, established in 1965, began monitoring wild giant pandas via infrared cameras in 2004.
Captive giant pandas are notoriously poor at reproducing and are critically endangered, with only 1,864 left in the world.
YANUA is a supporter of the Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation and is committed to furthering panda research at Panda Valley.
Thus, the genomic sequences of the giant panda isolate appear to have many features known to be important for the replication and transmission of pH1N1 viruses in other mammalian species.
The names were selected by staff at the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding in China.
A giant panda gave birth to a cub at the US National Zoo on Friday, raising hopes for a rare success after a series of false pregnancies and a death.
Researchers from the China Conservation and Research Centre for the Giant Panda, said that the results suggest that exposing males to the odour of other males may be a useful technique to enhance captive breeding.
The Giant Panda Channel has several feeds showing pandas of different ages and in different environments.