giant sequoia


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Related to giant sequoia: Giant Sequoia National Monument, giant redwoods

giant sequoia:

see sequoiasequoia
, name for the redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and for the big tree, or giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), both huge, coniferous evergreen trees of the bald cypress family, and for extinct related species.
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Giant Sequoia

 

(Sequoiadendron giganteum), also big tree, a coniferous evergreen of the family Taxodiaceae. The giant sequoia reaches heights greater than 100 m and lives up to 1,500 years (according to other data, up to 3,000 or 4,000 years). The straight, well-shaped trunk measures as much as 10 m in diameter. In old trees the lower part of the trunk is branchless. The dense crown is conical and rounded. The bark is brown in mature trees and reddish in young trees. The leaves (needles) are gray-green, spirally arranged, narrowly lanceolate, and concave above. The ovate, woody cones, which develop at the tips of the lateral shoots, are 5–7.5 cm long and 3–4.5 cm wide. Initially green, they turn brown when the seeds mature. The cones mature in the second year, remaining on the tree after the seeds fall out. The seeds are flat and have a membranous wing.

The giant sequoia grows in California, at elevations of 1,450–2,500 m on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada. The largest natural groves of the trees have been designated as preserves. Some of the tallest trees have been given their own names.

The sequoia tree is ornamental and has been cultivated in parks and gardens of Southern and Central Europe. In the USSR it is raised in the southern Crimea, Middle Asia, the Caucasus, and Transcarpathia.

REFERENCES

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Kammeyer, H. F. Mammulbäume. Ziemsen, 1960. (Die neue Brehm-Bücherei, fasc. 256.)

V. N. GLADKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
We had to use the Big John 90” Tree Spade, to move in that Giant Sequoia.
Thus air pollution threatens giant sequoias in three ways: the effects of climate change, the immediate chemical damage from air pollution, and the restriction of fire programs meant to restore forest ecosystems.
In a practice called "sequoia grove enhancement," forest managers began selling off all non-museum-quality trees in the giant sequoia groves.
Hanson continued: "That the Bush administration would target such a revered refuge for logging raises a serious question: If the Giant Sequoia National Monument isn't safe under this administration, what is?
We may hope the process will ensure that future generations can experience the awe of standing beneath a giant sequoia, the marvel of Joshua Tree National Park's enormous boulders and the mystery of gazing at the night sky above Death Valley.
The magical waterfalls, giant sequoia trees, views from Glacier Point and more than 400 species of wildlife.
America: California is an amazing look at the unique wonders of a state distinguished by high and low deserts, sunshine-filled beaches, forests of redwood and giant sequoia, a diverse array of proud and colorful cities, and much more.
Fel deudis i yn y Sierra Nevada yng Nghaliffornia mae'r rhain yn tyfu'n naturiol, ond mae 'na nifer yn cael eu diogelu mewn parciau cenedlaethol fel y Giant Sequoia National Monument.
The story of the 2,200 year-old Mother of the Forest giant sequoia tree that was stripped of all of its bark in 1854, killing the tree, and then reassembled for viewing by crowds in London and New York City, is presented as a sad moment in our history, but as a result, ecotourism to see the giant sequoias increased and the remaining trees were saved from being chopped down.
After spending an hour soaking up the view I continue along the Wawona Road to Fish Camp and the nearby giant sequoia trees at Mariposa Grove.
Town & Country" guests can see the Giants play one day, and the next find themselves face-to-trunk with the 2,700 year old Grizzly Giant Sequoia at Yosemite.