giant sequoia


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giant sequoia:

see sequoiasequoia
, name for the redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and for the big tree, or giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), both huge, coniferous evergreen trees of the bald cypress family, and for extinct related species.
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Giant Sequoia

 

(Sequoiadendron giganteum), also big tree, a coniferous evergreen of the family Taxodiaceae. The giant sequoia reaches heights greater than 100 m and lives up to 1,500 years (according to other data, up to 3,000 or 4,000 years). The straight, well-shaped trunk measures as much as 10 m in diameter. In old trees the lower part of the trunk is branchless. The dense crown is conical and rounded. The bark is brown in mature trees and reddish in young trees. The leaves (needles) are gray-green, spirally arranged, narrowly lanceolate, and concave above. The ovate, woody cones, which develop at the tips of the lateral shoots, are 5–7.5 cm long and 3–4.5 cm wide. Initially green, they turn brown when the seeds mature. The cones mature in the second year, remaining on the tree after the seeds fall out. The seeds are flat and have a membranous wing.

The giant sequoia grows in California, at elevations of 1,450–2,500 m on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada. The largest natural groves of the trees have been designated as preserves. Some of the tallest trees have been given their own names.

The sequoia tree is ornamental and has been cultivated in parks and gardens of Southern and Central Europe. In the USSR it is raised in the southern Crimea, Middle Asia, the Caucasus, and Transcarpathia.

REFERENCES

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Kammeyer, H. F. Mammulbäume. Ziemsen, 1960. (Die neue Brehm-Bücherei, fasc. 256.)

V. N. GLADKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
We had to use the Big John 90” Tree Spade, to move in that Giant Sequoia.
Fel deudis i yn y Sierra Nevada yng Nghaliffornia mae'r rhain yn tyfu'n naturiol, ond mae 'na nifer yn cael eu diogelu mewn parciau cenedlaethol fel y Giant Sequoia National Monument.
In 2000, then President Clinton stood beneath one of the giants and signed a proclamation creating Giant Sequoia National Monument, carving it out of Sequoia National Forest.
8ft high and discovered in 1990 is listed by Packenham as the tallest known living thing in the world, while in the Sierra Nevada Mountains an ancient giant sequoia known as General Sherman weighing an estimated 1,500 tonnes is rated the the biggest tree in the world.
Forest Giants of the Pacific Coast, by Robert Van Pelt (Global Forest Society/University of Washington Press, $35), leads off with the giant sequoia and the coastal redwood, but then concisely describes and discusses 18 other western giants, among them the Jeffrey pine, western hemlock, and yellow cedar.
This new version will be set in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains and Giant Sequoia National Park.
In this, it probably edges out the giant sequoia but not the bristlecone pine, which lives up to 4,800 years.
Although the most famous giant sequoia trees stand in Sequoia National Park, the Forest Service actually has more acres of sequoia groves in the Sequoia National Forest.
Kerry explains the connection: "When we started designing the homes for this collection, we named this one Giant Sequoia after Dad because for us, he was that strong, steady, towering influence O Sequoias last, and it's our hope this home will be a lasting presence for other families around the country.
Among other events, public lands supporters will restore trails in Giant Sequoia National Monument, hike in Seattles Discovery Park, attend a retail show with Patagonia in Denver and a day-long festival in Utah--all to call on Zinke to uphold park and public land protections.
A rapidly spreading wildfire spurred evacuations of thousands of mountain homes in California's gold-rush country on Friday as flames from a larger Sierra Nevada blaze edged close to a famed grove of giant sequoia trees in Kings Canyon National Park.