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ginger,common name for members of the Zingiberaceae, a family of tropical and subtropical perennial herbs, chiefly of Indomalaysia. The aromatic oils of many are used in making condiments, perfumes, and medicines, especially stimulants and preparations to ease stomach distress.
True ginger (Zingiber officinale), cultivated since ancient times in many countries, no longer grows wild. Commercial ginger is made from the root, a rhizomerhizome
fleshy, creeping underground stem by means of which certain plants propagate themselves. Buds that form at the joints produce new shoots.
..... Click the link for more information. , which is either preserved by candying or dried for medicines and spice. Studies have found some benefit from the use of ginger as an herbal medicine to treat nausea and vomiting, but other medicinal uses have not been as well substantiated by studies.
Other members of the ginger family also have uses as spices and in perfumery or traditional medicine; zedoary or white ginger (Curcuma zedoaria) and turmeric (C. longa) are grown for their rhizomes, and cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and black cardamom (Amomum species) for their seed pods and seeds. The last three are often combined with ginger and other spices to make various curriescurry
[Malayalam], condiment much used in India and elsewhere in Asia and the Middle East, in combination with rice, meat, and a variety of other dishes. It is compounded of such spices as turmeric, fenugreek, cloves, cumin, ginger, black and hot red pepper, and coriander.
..... Click the link for more information. . Turmeric root yields a yellow dye, and a compound derived from it, curcumin, is used to promote bile secretion by the liver. C. angustifolia is an East Indian arrowrootarrowroot,
any plant of the genus Maranta, usually large perennial herbs, of the family Marantaceae, found chiefly in warm, swampy forest habitats of the Americas and sometimes cultivated for their ornamental leaves.
..... Click the link for more information. .
Ginger is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Liliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Zingiberaceae.
(Zingiber officinale), a perennial tropical plant of the family Zingiberaceae. It is cultivated in the south of Asia. The rhizomes are fleshy, aboveground stalks up to 1 m tall, the leaves are lanceolate, the flowers are violet yellow and gathered into short, spike-shaped inflorescences. The rhizome has a pleasant aromatic odor, caused by the presence of an essential oil (1.2–3 percent in the air-dried root) and a stinging taste, dependent on the presence of the phenol-like substance, gingerol.
The dry rhizome, under the name “ginger,” is used in cooking as a condiment and is also used in the food industry for aromati-zation of certain products (jam, liqueur). According to the method of processing, two commercial varieties are distinguished: white, or Jamaica, ginger is washed, peeled, and sun-dried; black ginger is unpeeled, boiled or scalded, and sun-dried.